Jeffrey Lupo DC , FSBT, FACMUAP, CFMP
27850 Gratiot Ave., Roseville, MI, 48066
Phone: 586-772-5876
Fax: 586-772-1122
frontdesk@lupochiropractic.com
http://www.LupoChiropractic.com
SELECTED OCCUPATIONAL HISTORY
Doctor of Chiropractic, Lupo Chiropractic Life Center, P.C., Roseville, MI, 2000 - Present
Chiropractic & MUA Privileges, Michigan Surgical Hospital, Warren, MI, 2017 - Present
MUA Privileges, Royal Oak Surgical Center, Royal Oak, MI, 2018 - Present
MUA Privileges, Lakes Surgery Center, West Bloomfield, MI, 2018 - Present
EDUCATION AND LICENSURE
Doctor of Chiropractic, Licensed in the State of MI, License # 2301008227, 2000-Present
Doctorate of Chiropractic, Life University, Marietta, GA, 2000
National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Part I, 1999
National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Part II, 1999
National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Part III, 2000
National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Part IV, 2000
National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Physiotherapy, 2000
Bachelor of Science in Mathematics, Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, MI, 1996
Sound Engineer Degree in The Recording Workshop, Chillicothe, OH, 1995

SELECTED POST-GRADUATE EDUCATION, CERTIFICATIONS AND DIPLOMATES

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Growth of Interventional Pain Management Techniques and Current Trends in Pharmacological Management of Neuropathic Pain., ESI comparison to gabapentin in lumbosacral radicular pain – current trends and future progress of pain management interventions. Mode of action, required dosage, advantages and side effects profiles of currently available pharmacological approaches. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Therapeutic Effects of Spinal Injection Therapy , Facet, medial branch blocks, prolotherapy and epidural interventions utilization within the Medicare population, effectiveness on lumbar central canal stenosis with and without steroids and effect on prevention of spinal surgery, herniated disc, fibromyalgia and chronic musculoskeletal pain. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Adverse Events Associated with Injection Therapy, Transforaminal and interlaminar epidural steroid injections, anesthesia technical considerations, effects on cervical radiculopathy midline versus paramedian approaches and perineurial injection of autologous conditioned serum. Review of FDA risk assessment. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Correlation of MRI Findings and Injection Outcomes, MODIC Changes on MRI and effectiveness of facet injection, facet joint signal change on MRI with fat suppression comparison with SPECT/CT. Discussion of Modic 1, 2 and 3 with correlation of clinical outcomes and patient selection criteria. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Therapeutic Effects of Botulinum Toxin and Dry-Needling in Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Cost effectiveness, patient response and triage of therapeutic interventions. Physiological review of trigger point etiology and clinical presentation of acute and chronic pain. Functional response of intervention including relief and recurrence. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Systematic Review Technical Considerations in Cervical Epidural Analgesia, Chemical blockage of cervical nerve roots, review of anatomical structures and correlation with MRI imaging. Blockage effects on the respiratory, circulatory and neurological systems. Review of cervical epidural space (CES) borders and variants in patient population. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Trends in opioid analgesic abuse and mortality in the USA, Evaluation of Opioid Pain Management in Injured Children, assessment of opioid reporting in Veteran Affairs, Emergency visitation in pediatric injury, pain management and adoption of best practices. Trends in use of prescription opioid medication using RADARS (Research Abuse, Diversion and Addiction Related Surveillance System), comparison between legitimate pharmacy channels and diversion and abuse. Opioid use prevalence and incidents in Veteran Affairs, new prescriptions or long-term conversion and relationship to persistent growth in opioid use. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Electrodiagnostic Testing, Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection, Intra-articular Facet Joint Injection, Spinal Manipulation Post-Epidural Injection, Needle EMG, active versus chronic denervation in lumbar, cervical spinal pathologies and differential diagnosis of spinal stenosis and intervertebral disc herniation. Systematic review of facet joint injections, clinical trials and conservative therapy in lower back pain. Results of spinal manipulation post-epidural injection in the cervical spine. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Radiofrequency Ablation and outcome measures - medication, function and pain in relation to pain of spinal origin, Medial Branch Block as prognostic tool prior to lumbar facet radiofrequency denervation. Clinical comparison disc herniation, disc bulge, cervical and lumbar radiculopathy. Diagnosis and patient triage correlation to anatomical spine structures. Long, short term risk factors and outcomes in radiofrequency ablation. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Role of Cannabinoids in Pain Management, – Review of pharmacological, botanical or synthetic origins of cannabinoids. Mechanism of action in alleviation of pain including analgesic, anti-inflammatory effects, modular actions on neurotransmitters and interactions with prescribed or endogenous opioids. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in MRI Physics – The Hardware – magnet types including permanent, resistive and superconducting magnets., Volume RF, surface, quadrature and phase array coils and other hardware necessary for the generation of MRI imaging. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in MRI Physics – Physics of Image Generation 1., – Magnetization, excitation, relaxion, acquisition, computing and display. T1 relaxion and relaxation curves, T2 relaxation, phase and phase coherence, T2 relaxion curves. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in MRI Physics – Physics of Image Generation 2., – Gradient coils, signal coding including slice encoding gradient, phase encoding gradient, Frequency encoding gradient. Gradient specifications and slice thickness. Filling k-space, k-space symmetry and k-space filling technique. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in MRI Physics – Physics of Image Generation 3., – Pulse sequences, spine echo sequences including multi-slicing and multi-echo sequencing. T1, T2, proton density contrast and their applications. Turbo spine echo, fast advanced spine echo (HASTE) sequence and gradient echo sequence. Inversion recovery sequence including STIR and FLAIR sequence. Choosing the right sequence pros and cons, T1, T2 and PD parameters. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in MRI Physics – Physics of Image Generation – technical parameters and artifacts., – Repetition time, echo time, flip angle, inversion time, number of acquisitions, matric and field of view. Slice thickness, slice gap, phase encoding direction 1 and direction 2 and relation to bandwidth. Motion artifact, para-magnetic artifact, phase wrap artifact, susceptibility artifact, clipping artifact, spine and zebra artifacts. Effects on image quality and acquisition. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – radiographic evolution of a Schmorl’s node, – Acute Schmorl’s node and progression to chronic stage comparison to serial MRI. Endplate fracture and acute presentation and correlation to clinical findings and pain patterns. Presentation in plain film radiograph and MRI images were compared and contrasted in both acute and chronic stages. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – syringomyelia, fluid dynamics and spinal cord motion., – Scoliosis curve patters and syrinx characteristics versus Chiari I malformation. Normal MRI appearance and motion artifacts related to cerebral spinal fluid motion related phenomena and common appearances on MRI imaging. Syrinx wall and fluid motion and correlation to cardiac cycle with comparison between systolic and diastolic presentations. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – Spinal Biomechanics, Thoracolumbar Deformity and Surgical Outcomes, – Full spine analysis, adjacent spinal biomechanics and its impact on surgical outcomes. Sagittal alignment pelvis to cervical spine and association with kyphosis and lordosis mechanical positioning. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – MRI and EMG comparison in denervated muscle diagnosis., – Lumbar spine pathology and age in relation to paraspinal muscle size and fatty infiltration. Fatty degeneration of paraspinal muscle in degenerative lumbar kyphosis and CT versus MRI digital analysis. Positive correlations with edema on MRI and fibrillations, positive sharp waves, denervation and the level of reduced recruitment pattern. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – association between annular tear and disc degeneration., – High intensity zone (HIZ) in lumbar disc and association to annular fissure on MRI. Identification of duel HIZ and its relationship to acute inflammation and calcified tissue and its association with discogenic pain patterns. Influence of phenotype, population size and inclusion sequence. T1, T2 and STIR imaging comparison and correlation. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – degenerative cervical myelopathy., – Paraspinal muscle morphology, clinical symptoms and functional status. Review of fatty infiltration, asymmetry findings and correlation with clinical symptoms and functional scores. Review of complex anatomical arrangement of superficial and deep muscle layers in the cervical spine, correlation to MRI findings. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – MRI Neurography, Diffuse Tensor Imaging (DTI)., – Diagnostic accuracy and fiber tracking in spinal cord compression. Review of spinal cord structural integrity, peripheral neuropathy and correlation to diffuse tensor imaging findings. Comparison in combining DTI with T2 and T2 alone and its value in magnetic resonance neurography. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology., – Modified Pfirrmann grading system and lumbar disc degeneration. Consensus driven description of intervertebral disc nomenclature including intervertebral disc bulge, herniation, protrusion, broad based disc herniation, extrusion and sequestration. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – MRI evaluation of intradural tumor., – Neuroimaging of spinal tumors and correlation to histological study. Determining method of choice for evaluation, review of numerous types of intradural-extramedullary masses including meningioma and schwannoma. Signal intensities, contrast enhancement patterns, presence of cysts and other key differentiation findings of spinal cord tumors. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – Spinal Cord Compression, Myelomalacia, MRI Imaging and Clinical Correlation., – Positional cervical spinal cord compression and fibromyalgia. T1 and T2 weighted images, comparison of hypo and hyperintense signals and extent of intramedullary changes on MRI. Review of MRI findings associated with myelomalacia and discussion of correlation with clinical findings. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – MRI Characteristics of Lumbar Facet Synovial Cyst., – Formation characteristics of synovial cyst, relation to degenerative changes in spinal facet joints as demonstrated on MRI. Pre and post-surgical procedural MRI were reviewed and compared. Surgical management and subsequent resection were demonstrated. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – Variability in MRI Diagnostic Error Rates., – In depth review of quality of MRI imaging and comparison to consistent MRI diagnosis between facilities. Errors of interpretation in the study examinations were considered and presented. Impact of radiological diagnosis, location of MRI study and reading radiologist and impact on treatment choice and clinical outcomes. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Wrist Anatomy and Osseous Kinematics., – Normal kinematics using biplanar radiographic model were reviewed. Discussion of extensive database of carpal bone anatomy and kinematics from a large number of healthy subjects. 3-D motion of each bone was calculated for each wrist position and discussed. Database constructed including high-resolution surface models, measures of bone volume and shape, and the 3-D kinematics of each segmented bone. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Normal Motion of the Shoulder and Glenohumeral Instability., – Normal motion of the shoulder joint compared with clinical implications of glenohumeral joint instability including surgical recommendations. Review and overview of the anatomy of the glenohumeral joint, emphasis on instability based on the current literature. Description of detailed anatomy and anatomical variants of the glenohumeral joint associated with anterior and posterior shoulder instability. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Orthopedic Testing and Shoulder Pathology Diagnosis., -- Use of orthopedic special tests (OSTs) to diagnose shoulder pathology and clinical examination. Review OST clusters, examination of methodology and illustration of their use in arriving at a pathology-based diagnosis. Discussion of examination of the biceps tendon and clinical relevance. Review of SLAP lesion and shoulder impingement syndrome were reviewed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Electrodiagnostic Testing and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome., – Review of the most common mononeuropathy in the human body. Relationship between clinical findings, neurological examination and electrodiagnostic testing in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Acute and chronic symptoms including progression of the disorder were reviewed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Current Concepts in Elbow Disorders., – Detailed anatomy of osseus, ligamentous and muscular structure of the elbow was reviewed. Common disease of elbow disorders and their treatment was discussed. Lateral epicondylitis and medial collateral ligament injury of the elbow were outlined. Rheumatoid arthritis, posttraumatic osteoarthritis, and elderly patients with comminuted distal humeral fractures. Surgical design and technique were outlined. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Differentiating Cervical Spine from Shoulder Pathology., – Anatomical review of cervical spine and glenohumeral joint focus on similarities and differences. Cervical disorders masking shoulder pain, cervical radiculopathy, cervical spondylotic myelopathy, facet and discogenic pain patterns were outlined. Details of shoulder pathology parsonage-tuner syndrome, subscapular neuropathy and thoracic outlet were presented. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – MRI of the Shoulder and Shoulder Girdle., – Review of MRI analysis of scapular fracture. Detailed review of scapular function rehabilitation and training on chronic pain syndromes. Reliability of magnetic resonance imaging versus arthroscopy for the diagnosis and classification of superior glenoid labrum anterior to posterior lesions. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery -Cataloging Movements of the Ankle, Hip and Spine., - Review Standardization and Terminology Committee (STC) of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) and classification of joint kinematics. Standard for the local axis system in each articulating bone is generated and presented. Rationale for international standards among researchers was presented. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery -Cataloging Movements of the Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist and Hand., - Review Standardization and Terminology Committee (STC) of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) and classification of joint kinematics. Standard for the local axis system in each articulating bone is generated and presented. Rationale for international standards among researchers was presented. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – MRI and Diagnosis of Shoulder Disorders., – Normal and abnormal shoulder anatomy as viewed on MRI was presented. Review and presentation of MRI in the diagnosis and treatment of brachial plexus injury. Discussion of preganglionic avulsions and muscular denervation. Comparison of CT myelography to MRI myelography were outlined. Enhanced three dimensional T1 high-resolution isotropic volume excitation MR in the evaluation of shoulder pathology. Comparison with two-dimensional enhanced T1 fat saturation MRI were discussed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Clinical Evaluation of Upper and Lower Extremity Pathology., – Review of relevant anatomy in shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle was presented. Physical examination including orthopedic, neurological and range of motion testing was presented and compared with findings on MRI results. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Fusion Surgery and Lumbar Stenosis., – Efficacy of fusion and decompression surgery in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Review of degenerative spondylolisthesis and patient selection criteria. Discussion of correlation of MRI, CT findings and clinical evaluation. Review of sedimentation sign on MRI and indications of prognostic factors. Surgery versus nonsurgical treatment outlined and outcomes discussed. Compensation for lumbar spinal stenosis and clinical sagittal plane deformity was presented. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion and Adjacent Segment Degeneration (ASD)., – Adjacent segment degeneration as major consequence of spinal fusion. Review of occurrence and location with correlation between surgical outcomes were discussed. Discussion of age, BMI and pre-existing stenosis in cranial adjacent segment as risk factors. ASD prevalence in radiographic evidence between cranial and caudal segments were reviewed. Presentation of risk factors and pre-operative radiological features. Facet sagittalization and tropism were discussed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Morbidity and Mortality Predictions in Spinal Surgery., – Review of the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and the American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) Physical Status Classification System. Review of index outcomes and relation to costs of care. Discussion of index rating and likelihood of complications. Review of classification system in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) leaks. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Spondylolisthesis, clinical and radiographic classifications., - Classification system that considers disc space height, sagittal alignment and translation, and the absence or presence of unilateral or bilateral leg pain was discussed. Detailed review of spondylolisthesis etiology, clinical presentation and imaging findings was reviewed. Review of inter and interobserver reliabilities of radiographic and clinical criteria. Review of consensus driven treatment options for degenerative spondylolisthesis presented. Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) in degenerative disc disease with associated spondylolisthesis grade I was reviewed and correlated. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Sagittal Alignment and Spinal Surgery, Clinical Outcomes and Follow up., – Discussion of outcomes and sagittal alignment in single unilateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Detailed review of surgical TLIF procedure and associated mid and long-term clinical outcomes. Discussion and presentation of influence of pelvic incidents and lumbar lordosis mismatch and post-operative residual symptoms. Analysis of adjacent segment disease following fusion. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Complications and Outcomes in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery., – Review of surgical approaches and complications in correction of adult spinal deformity. Relevance of age, comorbidities, blood loss, osteoporosis and smoking were discussed. Discussion of Cobb Angle, Sagittal Vertical Axis, Pelvic Tilt, Thoracic Kyphosis were reviewed and examined in relation to transpsoas lateral interbody fusion (LIF), percutaneous pedicle screw (PPS), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Comparison between minimally invasive and traditionally open procedures was provided and reviewed. Discussion of minimally invasive surgery options were emphasized and outcomes reviewed with correlation to diagnosis and procedural coding. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Surgical Interventions in Lumbar Disc Herniation., – Review of differences in surgical treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation. Clinical correlation between plain film radiography, MRI studies and clinical presentation were reviewed. Data on frequency in management of recurrent lumbar intervertebral disc herniations presented. Duration of symptoms and influence of patient outcomes in sciatica patients undergoing micro-discectomy and decompressions. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Length of Stay in Lumbar Spinal Surgery., – Discussion on epidemiology of lumbar surgery outcomes and hospital stay. Correlation to clinical presentation and comorbidities were reviewed. Outline of decompression and instrumental fusion in the lumbar spine. Review of costs of lumbar surgery, trends in hospital stay and costs both on a cumulative and daily basis. Comparison of the nationwide inpatient sample and national surgical quality improvement program databases for lumbar spine fusion procedures was reviewed and presented. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Pre-Surgical Planning and Implant Design., – 3-D printing and surgical planning discussion a variety of historical materials in the creation of patient specific implants based on unique individual anatomy. Historical trends in the creation of prosthetics with 3-D modeling software using neuroimaging data. Review of treatment complex spinal pathologies and surgical planning was discussed. Outline of current and future barriers to global implementation and commercialization was reviewed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Spine Surgery Procedures in Medical Specialty Training., – Discussion of current spine surgery training including fellowship programming in the United States. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) cases logs were reviewed and discussed. Variability of procedures within programs and between medical specialty programs were outlined. Differential utilization between orthopedic and neurosurgical fellows was reviewed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Cerebral Spinal Fluid Dynamics, Central Nervous System Pathology and Intracranial Hypotension., – pathophysiology and various craniospinal disorders. Directional phase contrast MRI (4D Flow) was reviewed along with the anatomical and physiological properties of cerebral spinal fluid. Specific disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, hydrocephalus, Chiari Malformation and syringomyelia. Clinical correlation of CSF dynamics to understanding disease process was reviewed including normal and abnormal flow patterns. Recent advancements in fluid flow studies were outlined and presented. Signal intensity changes on MRI study in cervical spondylotic myelopathy was discussed and compared to normal parameters. Fluid dynamics patterns within syringomyelia and Chiari malformation was discussed and correlated to MRI findings and clinical presentations. Spinal microsurgical exploration surgery and resultant CSF leak and spontaneous intractable intracranial hypotension was reviewed and its pathoanatomical presentation outlined. Review of the natural and surgical history of Chiari malformation Type I in pediatric population and clinical correlation with MRI studies. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Anatomy and Physiology of the Blood Brain Barrier., – Review of consequences of alterations in homeostatic control of the neuronal environment. Discussion of blood flow alterations and altered vessel permeability as determinants in the pathophysiology of brain injury. Review present day literature on the anatomy, development and physiological mechanisms of the blood–brain barrier. The blood brain barrier’s role in the maintenance of the extracellular environment. Vascular anatomy of the spinal cord was review in relation to the physiology of the neural environment. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Spinal Cord Anatomy, Physiology and Vascular Reactivity., – Detailed review of the blood supply of the spinal cord, anatomy of the vascular system and physiology of blood flow. Pathophysiology of various conditions including Thoracic Aortic Occlusion and Spinal Cord Injury were discussed with specific relation to risk of neurological deficit. Severity and duration as an effect was reviewed and correlated clinically. Cerebral circulation and aging, discussion of effects on cognitive functioning and cerebrovascular disease in aging. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Upper Cervical Spine Anatomy and Cerebral Spinal Fluid Flow., – MRI flow imaging and computational fluid dynamics in healthy patients with Chiari Malformations. Review of abnormal cerebral spinal fluid flow oscillations and their effects on healthy patients. Discussion of nonlaminar complex spatial and temporal variations with associated pressure waves and pressure gradients causing syringomyelia, headaches and other clinical manifestations in Chiari I malformation. Microsurgical anatomy and internal architecture of brainstem in 3D images and surgical considerations. CSF hydrodynamic changes, spinal cord injury and development of post traumatic syringomyelia (PTSM). Impact of spinal cord nerve roots and denticulate ligaments on cerebral fluid dynamics in the cervical spine was reviewed and discussed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Compression and Degeneration in Chronic Nerve Root Entrapment., – Differentiation between peripheral nerves and spinal nerve roots and effects of electrostimulation. Discussion of various stimulating or recording neurosurgical implants and success vs failure rates. Review of the nerve root compression and its relation to consequences of disc herniation and acute compression during surgery. Maximum pressure level a spinal nerve root can sustain is reviewed. Discussion of microsurgical anatomy of lumbosacral nerve rootlets, Rhizotomy and chronic spinal cord injury. Review of qualitative grading of severity of lumbar spinal stenosis on morphology of dural sac on MRI studies, review of classification systems and the consideration of impingement of neural tissue. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Anatomy of Circle of Willis, Cerebral Arteries and Stroke Etiology., – Discussion of stroke by embolism, source and cause in diagnosis and long-term treatment. Review of complex nature of embolus transport and its relation to etiology. Image based hemodynamics with discrete particle dynamics in relation to the distribution of emboli across the various cerebral arteries. Detailed anatomy of Circle of Willis reviewed and discussed with particular focus on size/inertia dependent trends in embolus distribution to the brain, distribution of cardiogenic versus aortogenic emboli among anterior, middle and posterior cerebral arteries, left versus right brain preference in cardio-embolus and aortic emboli transport and source-destination relationship for embolisms affecting the brain. Detailed review of the microsurgical anatomy of the posterior cerebral artery in three dimensional images. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Stroke Therapy, Implementation and Cost-Effectiveness., – Review of endovascular therapy in addition to standard care in acute ischemic vessel occlusion stroke. Comparison in National Institutes of Health Stroke Score (NIHSS) score, symptom onset, Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) and occlusion location. Considerations in acute management and revascularization of tandem occlusions in acute ischemic stroke with literature review. Discussion of Transcirculation Pipeline embolization device deployment as a rescue technique. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Surgical Approaches and Outcomes in Spine Surgery 1., – Review of historical interventions, multilevel decompression and instrumented fusion in reduction of neural compression and spinal column stabilization. Discussion of morbidity and mortality in relation to surgical procedures. The use of the modified fragility index to predict 30-day morbidity and mortality from spine surgery. Differences in patient selection for minimally invasive versus open surgical procedures, and review of post-surgical outcomes. Morbidity, mortality and health care costs for patients undergoing spine surgery following ACGME resident duty-reform. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Surgical Approaches and Outcomes in Spine Surgery 2., -- Predisposing factors for dural tears in lumbar spine surgery including degenerative conditions, prior surgery and age related indicators were reviewed. Discussion and review of re-admission rages in spine surgery through metanalysis and systematic review. Bibliometric study of the most important minimally invasive (MIS) spine surgery papers including Level III and IV studies with focus on moving toward Level I and Level II. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Emergency Medicine and Spine Pain., – Review of lack of guidelines for the management of lower back pain in the ED. Frequency of lower back pain visitation in the emergency department including environmental/sociocultural dimensions and physical/psychospiritual dimensions were reviewed. Discussion of utilization of significant healthcare resources with complete description of lower back pain characteristics, health services use in non-urgent lower back pain patients presenting to the ED. Managing spine pain in the ED using usual and customary medical intervention. Extent of appropriate CT and MRI scans in the hospital setting, accessibility reviewed in conjunction with presented national data. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Medication Usage and Motor Vehicle Accidents., – Review of ADHD medication utilization and motor vehicle accident data and frequency of motor vehicle accident sin this specific patient population. Review of the prevalent and preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among patients and concepts of restricting based on prognostic factors. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Emergency Department Imaging Perspectives., – Review of imaging protocols among a spectrum of clinical indications, perspective on aging populations and clinical complexity. Review of CT, MRI, plain film imaging and ultrasound and their relationships to internal medicine and musculoskeletal disorders examined on an emergency basis through patient generated national survey data. Details of specific contexts in which imaging has become concentrated and targeted efforts for optimization of utilization. considerations of utilization of CT in the emergency department and evaluation to increasing trends. Review of quality improvements in imaging utilization. Comparison between pediatric and adult imaging protocols and trends. Discussion and analysis of “Choose Wisely” recommendations and creating of guideline/policy/clinical pathways in New England EDs. MRI utilization in pediatric ED reviewed and analyzed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Cauda Equina Syndrome and Other Emergent Conditions., – Traumatic injuries to the thoracolumbar spine and overall impact on emergency services. Discussion of exact definitions of Conus Medullaris Syndrome (CMS) and Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES). Diagnosis in acute phase and radiological findings clinically correlating with physical examination findings. Parameters for spinal regions of traumatic injury were presented and reviewed. Case presentations for neck and spine were included and reviewed with particular focus on differential diagnosis and case uniqueness. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Emergency Medicine Residency Curriculum., – Review of Ohio State University Emergency Medicine Residency Program Musculoskeletal Emergencies Curriculum. Outline of the significant nature of musculoskeletal emergency presentations to ED. Details in the training required to master clinical experience, self-directed learning and small group didactics. Case study reviews and discussion was presented with particular focus on infection vs non-infections and traumatic vs non-traumatic presentations in ED. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Opioid vs Non-Opioid Medications in the Emergency Department., – Discussion of limited evidence of long-term outcomes of opioids with non-opioid medication for chronic pain. Literature review on effectiveness for opioid interventions. Discussion of alternative recommendations, evidence demonstrating lack of benefit and poor long term outcomes. Variation in physician opioid prescriptions discussed. Patterns of opioid initiation at first visits for pain in the ED in the United States including frequency and dosage. Emergency Department data concerning the persistent pain after motor vehicle accidents and comparison between opioid and NSAID prescribed in the ED. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Concussion and Repeat ED visits., – Review of patients presenting to ED with concussion with re-visitation within 72 hours. Mechanism of injury including closed head injury, assault, fall and motor vehicle accidents discussed. Epidemiological evidence presented regarding number of visitations, characteristics and care paths reviewed. Discussion of adoption of a more comprehensive discharge plan to further prevent repeat visits was outlined. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – CDC Epidemiology of ED Visits in the United States, Adults Over 65 and Motor Vehicle Accidents., – Evaluation of data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and frequency of ED visitation. Percentage of visits requiring hospital admission was reviewed along with patterns of need for critical care. Review of imaging ordering statistics and clinical diagnosis was discussed. Details of primary and secondary ED diagnosis presented in relation to sprain/strain, contusion and spinal pathology including herniated intervertebral disc, facture and spinal cord compression. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey., – A review of the current representative data on ambulatory care visits to hospital emergency departments in the United States. Demographics, residence, insurance class, chief complaint with focus on traumatic injury, diseases of the nervous and musculoskeletal systems were outlined. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Lower Back Pain and Emergency Room Visits., – Detailed analysis of impact of lower back pain on ED globally. First systematic review of the trends in the literature including lower back pain as significant complaint and the variables in its definition. Discussion of the proper diagnosis and triage of lower back pain and its current impact on ED management was reviewed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Spinal Cord Injury without Radiographic Abnormality (SCIWORA) in Adults., – Case Reports – Detailed review of Spinal Cord Injury without Radiographic Abnormality was presented. Syndrome of post traumatic myelopathy demonstrable on MRI with no evidence of osseous injury on plain film or CT scan. Reporting of incidence was included with detailed discussion of case presentations, accurate diagnoses and triage was reviewed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – CDC Traumatic Brain Injury Data – Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, Deaths – United States, 2007 and 2013., – Traumatic brain injury, short and long term adverse clinical outcomes, death and disability reviewed and compared based on CDC data over a 7 year period. Mechanism of causation including motor vehicle accidents, falls and assault. Public health recommendations and interpretation of data was presented. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine., – CDC Data, Trends in Emergency Department Visits for Ischemic Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack – relationship between stroke and statistical cause of death, type of stroke and prognosis related to recurrence was discussed. Specific definitions of ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack with etiology and relationship to emergency visits were outlined and presented. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – US Emergency Department Use by Children., – Pediatric utilization of emergency medicine resources, description of trends on a national basis. Detailed analysis of specific demographics including race and resident status were reported and reviewed. Discussion in allocation of resources including insurance class and coverage were reviewed. Anticipated expansion of Medicaid was considered and reviewed. Estimates of nonurgent ED visits by children were presented and discussed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Supply of Chiropractic Care and Visits to Primary Care Physicians for Neck and Back Pain., – Discussion of primary care visits and lower back pain. Expenditures and contributions to disability data. Discussion of supply of chiropractic care in context of visits for lower back pain and primary care physicians. Estimated national impact of primary care visits and expenditures was outlined with a focus on chiropractic’s assistance in managing lower back pain. Defining an “episode” of lower back pain and relationship to collection of epidemiological data. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Safety of Chiropractic Care in Lower Back Pain and Migraine Headaches., – Review of adverse events associated with chiropractic care in the treatment of migraine. Outline of a prospective 3-armed, single-blinded, placebo RCT. Discussion of transient and mild events following chiropractic intervention. Randomized clinical trials and meta-analysis reviewed and discussed relating to the diagnosis and management of lower back pain including adverse event reporting. Risk of injury to the head, neck or trunk following an office visit for chiropractic spinal manipulation, as compared to office visit for evaluation by primary care physician. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Chiropractic and Pain Management in Primary Care., – Evaluation of the analgesic effects of spinal manipulation on both healthy and pain inflicted patients. Discussion of evidence of increased in pressure pain thresholds in musculoskeletal pain at both local and remote sites. Detailed knowledge of patient population regarding demographics and socioeconomic factors as well as disease-specific characteristics. Suggestion that lower back pain should not be seen as benign and self-limiting with focus on management. Describe the communication system surrounding the management of chronic pain from the perspectives of allopathic providers, acupuncture and chiropractor providers, and chronic musculoskeletal pain patients. Chiropractic manipulative treatment (CMT) association with lower healthcare costs among multiply-comorbid Medicare beneficiaries with an episode of chronic low back pain was reviewed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Perceptions of Chiropractic Care., – Demographic review of data on the perceptions of chiropractic care. Review of patient interest, trustworthiness, costs and frequency of visits was discussed. Nationally representative survey to compare characteristics and use of survey respondents with positive and negative perceptions of DCs and chiropractic care. Positive perceptions of DCs were more common than those for chiropractic care. US adults generally perceive DCs in a positive manner. Describe the preferences of older adults for low back pain co-management by MDs and DCs and identify their concerns for receiving care under such a treatment model. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Chiropractic and Post-Surgical Care and Care for Veterans., – Discussion of persistent post-surgical lower back and radicular pain response to chiropractic care. Relevant anatomy related to lower back pain and intervertebral disc injury was outlined and presented. Discussion and development of an integrated care pathway for doctors of chiropractic, primary care providers, and mental health professionals who manage veterans with low back pain, with or without mental health comorbidity, within Department of Veterans Affairs health care facilities. Support for the inclusion of chiropractic care as a component of multidisciplinary health care for low back pain, as currently recommended in existing guidelines with a focus on US Service Members. Discussion of availability of chiropractic care to military healthcare systems, referral and interprofessional communication models. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Effects of Chiropractic Care Combined with Medical Care, First Contact and Provider Type., – Differences in outcomes, patient satisfaction, and related healthcare costs in spinal, hip, and shoulder pain patients who initiated care with medical doctors (MDs) vs those who initiated care with doctors of chiropractic (DCs). Pain of muscuoloskeletal origin and epidemiology of reduced productivity. Comparison of data on health outcomes, patient satisfaction, and related healthcare costs in patients consulting differing first-contact care providers for musculoskeletal pain. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Integrating Chiropractic Care into Primary Care and Private Sector Healthcare Facilities., – Suggestion of a diverse role for chiropractors within conventional health care facilities. Discussion of chiropractic’s effectiveness for managing musculoskeletal disorders, particularly spine-related pain and disability. Descriptions of doctors of chiropractic who work in nongovernmental, private sector health care settings in the United States. Shared electronic health records, face-to-face informal consultations methods for interprofessional communication. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – American College of Physicians – Guideline Recommendations – Non-Invasive and Non-Pharmacological., - American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Systematically review the current evidence on non-pharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic non-radicular or radicular low back pain. Comparative benefits of non-pharmacological therapies in acute/subacute low back pain including exercise, spinal manipulation, lumbar supports, acupuncture, laser, ultrasound and traction. Discussion of first and second line therapies with reduction in opioid prescription. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Spine Management Clinical Workflows., – In-depth review and discussion of the Doctor of Chiropractic as a Spine Management Physician with specific focus on the diagnosis and management of spine pain of mechanical origin. Details were outlined in relation to triage of anatomical causes of spine pain such as fracture, tumor, infection. National Spine Management Group, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, Lehi, UT 2021., 2021
Pain Management and the Chiropractic Adjustment., – Current peer reviewed indexed research demonstrating the chiropractic adjustment’s effect on the central nervous system and pain threshold was outlined and reviewed. Anatomical review and contemporary supportive research were discussed. Details of central nervous system response to the chiropractic adjustment was reviewed and demonstrated. National Spine Management Group, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, Lehi, UT, 2021
Corrective Spinal Care and Chiropractic Case Management., - Current peer reviewed indexed research demonstrating the chiropractic adjustment’s effect on the biomechanical structure of the human spine during the corrective/rehabilitative phase of care. Basic outline of biomechanical parameters in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients was reviewed with particular focus on pathobiomechanics in chiropractic practice. National Spine Management Group, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, Lehi, UT, 2021
Health Maintenance Care and Chiropractic Case Management., - Current peer reviewed indexed research demonstrating the chiropractic adjustment’s effect on the maintenance of the human spine. Details of indexed research reviewing Chiropractic’s role in the reduction of narcotic utilization and decreased absenteeism from work due to disability. Communicating Health Maintenance Care to the medical profession and the public was emphasized.- Current peer reviewed indexed research demonstrating the chiropractic adjustment’s effect on the maintenance of the human spine. Details of indexed research reviewing Chiropractic’s role in the reduction of narcotic utilization and decreased absenteeism from work due to disability. Communicating Health Maintenance Care to the medical profession and the public was emphasized. National Spine Management Group, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, Lehi, UT , 2021
Evidence Based Clinical Reporting., – Overview of current CPT and ICD-10 coding guidelines pertaining to the evaluation and management of spine pain patients was presented. Timed codes, relevant diagnosis related to injured tissue was presented. Specific discussion of proper format of the Assessment portion of clinical documentation was presented. Review of the difference between daily progress notes and Evaluation and Management [E/M] reporting was provided. National Spine Management Group, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, Lehi, UT , 2021
Cervical Spine Clinical Workflows., – Detailed review of workflows of a thorough patient history and identification of clinical red flags related to relative and absolute contraindications to chiropractic care was presented. Outline of neurological examination including pathological reflexes present during spinal cord compression, cervical stenosis and cervical myelomalacia was discussed. Normal vs abnormal measurement of range of motion objectifying spinal dysfunction was presented. Specific orthopedic testing related to specific muscle, nerve or intervertebral disc injury was discussed. Review of interprofessional triage and imaging decision tree was outlined with specific focus on the pain management physician and spinal surgeon. National Spine Management Group, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, Lehi, UT , 2021
Clinical Grand Rounds – Diagnosing Mechanical Spine Pain., – Review of specific cervical anatomy in the spine pain patient. Clinical correlation between plain film radiographs and MRI studies was reviewed including radiographic motion studies. Computerized Mensuration Analysis was outlined and discussed with findings correlating with normative translation and angular motion data. Review of the AMA Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment 5th and 6th Editions was presented. National Spine Management Group, LLC, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 2021
Clinical Grand Rounds – Pathophysiology of Osteophyte Formation., – Discussion and presentation of extraspinal and vertebral osteophyte classification. Review of traction osteophyte formation and its relationship to the vertebral body and degenerative changes was discussed. Factors influencing osteophyte formation such as Transforming Growth Factor Beta and the relationship to the initiation of osteochondrosis was outlined. Details of segmental osteophyte formation on regional biomechanics was reviewed. Peer reviewed evidence of the effects of spinal arthrodesis on adjacent segment degeneration, anterior and posterior osteophyte formation was presented. National Spine Management Group, LLC, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 2021
Clinical Grand Rounds – Differentiating Degenerative vs Traumatic Cervical Spondylolisthesis., – Outline of spondylolisthesis clinical work up in the presence of spine pain including plain film dynamic radiographs, regional MRI study and assessment of alteration of motion segment integrity of specific spinal segments. Review of the correlation of present segmental degenerative changes such as loss of disc height, osteophyte formation, ligament ossification and facet joint hypertrophy and its association to pre-existing spondylosis was presented. Detailed discussion of past and present medical history including past traumatic events was emphasized. National Spine Management Group, LLC, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 2021
Clinical Grand Rounds – Classification of Degenerative Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease., – Review of a radiographic rating system for objective assessment of intervertebral disc degeneration in the cervical spine. The degree of degeneration was organized based on loss of disc height, formation of osteophytes and the presence of diffuse sclerosis of adjacent vertebral bodies. Specific details of assessment were outlined and presented. Comparison of plain film radiographs to cadaver specimens was demonstrated and discussed. Review of interobserver validity of the grading system between observers was presented. National Spine Management Group, LLC, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 2021
Clinical Grand Rounds – Mechanical Response of Damaged Human Cervical Spine Ligaments., – Discussion of the biomechanical properties of cervical spinal ligaments under sub-failure loads. Ligaments discussed were the Anterior Longitudinal Ligament, Posterior Longitudinal ligament and the Ligamentum Flavum. Deformations exceeding physiological limitations were presented and reviewed. Grade I and Grade II injuries were outlined and discussed. Presentation included observed ligamentous injury significantly compromising ligament ability to give tensile support within physiological spinal motion. Findings were clinically correlated to long term sequalae in Alteration of Motion Segment Integrity and the AMA Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment 5th and 6th Editions. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2021
Clinical Grand Rounds – Chiropractic Professional Liability Litigation., – Discussion of thirty years of jury verdict data was reviewed and presented. Focus was on the rationale for claims against Doctor of Chiropractic and overall decisions rendered by jury pools. Outlining the risk factors associated with overly aggressive treatment, failure to diagnose and lack of interprofessional referral when medical necessary was presented with statistics. Comparison between chiropractic management and surgical management were outlined and detailed. Detailed analysis of causality versus correlation was presented and discussed. National Spine Management Group, LLC, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences., Buffalo, NY, 2021
Clinical Grand Rounds – Diagnosis of Lumbar Facet Syndrome., – Overview of the most common pain syndrome in the lumbar spine including societal burdens was presented. Discussion of facet joint arthrosis being the most frequent facet joint pathology in the human spine. Outline of level of correlation between clinical symptoms, physical examination findings and degenerative spinal conditions was discussed. Presentation of diagnostic facet block and the medical necessity of such a referral when indicated was outlined. National Spine Management Group, LLC, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY, 2021
Clinical Grand Rounds – Pelvic Incidence, Chiropractic and the Spine Surgeon –, Detailed analysis of the historical publication of Pelvic Incidence as a integral part of sagittal spinal balance. Inter-professional communication with the surgeon using peer reviewed medically indexed biomechanical parameters was outlined and presented. Functional interaction between the spine and pelvis was demonstrated and discussed. Components of Pelvic Incidence, sacral slope, pelvic tilt and femoral heads were reviewed and demonstrated on plain film radiographs. Specific updated research regarding spinal pelvic balance and pelvic incidence measurements was provided. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, Buffalo, NY, 2021
Clinical Grand Rounds – Diagnosis of Ossification of Anterior Longitudinal Ligament., Discussion of the different types of Ossification of Anterior Longitudinal Ligament (OALL) including Segmental, Continuous and Mixed in the sagittal plane. Review of axial classification including Flat, Nodular and Globular was presented. Anatomy of spinal ligaments including the anterior and posterior longitudinal ligament and their attachments was outlined. Context of dysphagia, its progression, symptoms and need for referral was reviewed and outlined. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, Buffalo, NY, 2021
Clinical Grand Rounds – Cervical Spinal Alignment and Knee Replacement Revision Rates., Review of the most common cervical spinal sagittal alignment parameters and their relationship to interprofessional communication was presented. Discussion of rationale for knee replacement revision surgery including aseptic loosening, fracture and prosthetic joint infection was reviewed. Specific statistical review on revision surgery and effective treatment of endstage knee osteoarthritis was presented. Details of evidence-based research outlining patients with cervical degenerative disorders having a higher rate of total knee replacement revisions than those without degenerative changes. Analysis of the benefit of radiographic studies looking at the mechanical relationship between the cervical spine and knee composition was outlined and reviewed. National Spine Management Group, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, Buffalo, NY, 2021
Ethics and Regulations in Human Research, Certification toward performing research and getting institutional review board approval regarding research at the University level. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 2020
Overview of Human Research Protection, Certification in protecting rights and privacy regarding human research at the University level Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 2020
Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Anatomy and Physiology of Electrodiagnostics:, An in-depth review of basic neuroscience-anatomy and physiology dermatomes and myotomes to both the upper and lower extremities and the neurophysiology of axons and dendrites along with the myelin and function of saltatory conduction. The sodium and potassium pump's function in action potentials. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Part 1:, Nerve conduction velocity testing, the equipment required and the specifics of motor and sensory testing. This section covers the motor and sensory NCV procedures and interpretation including latency, amplitude (CMAP) physiology and interpretation including the understanding of the various nuances of the wave forms. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Part 2:, Compound motor action potentials (CMAP) and sensory nerve action potentials (SNAP) testing and interpretation including the analysis and diagnosis of the wave forms. It also covers compressive neuropathies of the median, ulnar and posterior tibial nerves; known as carpal tunnel, cubital tunnel and tarsal tunnel syndromes. This section offers interpretation algorithms to help understand the neurodiagnostic conclusions. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis and Interpretation: Needele Electromyogram (EMG) Studies:, The EMG process, inclusive of how the test is performed and the steps required in planning and electromyographic study. This covers the spontaneous activity of a motor unit action potential, positive sharp waves and fibrillations. The insertional activity (both normal and abnormal), recruitment activity in a broad polyphasic presentation and satellite potentials. This covers the diagnosing of patterns of motor unit abnormalities including neuropathic demyelinated neuropathies along with acute myopathic neuropathies. This section also covers the ruling out of false positive and false negative results. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division,, Long Island, NY, 2020
Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Overview of EMG and NCV Procedures, Results, Diagnoses and Documentation, The clinical incorporation of electrodiagnostic studies as part of a care plan where neuropathology is suspected. It also covers how to use electrodiagnostics in a collaborative environment between the chiropractor as the primary spine care provider and the surgeon, when clinically indicated. This section covers sample cases and helps conclude an accurate treatment plan based upon electro-neurodiagnostic findings when clinically indicated. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Primary Spine Care 1 - Credentials and Knowledge Base, The credentials and knowledge based from an academia perspective when cooperatively treating in a collaborative environment inclusive of understanding pathology and mechanical spine issues. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Primary Spine Care 1 - Spinal Biomechanical Engineering and MRI Spine Interpretation, Integrating Spinal Biomechanical Engineering and MRI Spine Interpretation into a primary spine care model, inclusive of necessity and acquisition protocols. A comprehensive review the latest evidence in documenting mechanical issues. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, MI, 2020
Primary Spine Care 1 - Hospital Administration, Triage, Clinical Requirements and Collaborative Relationships with Medical Specialists, Understanding hospital and medical specialists' care paths for mechanical spine pathology and integrating the doctor of chiropractic in the hospital and allopathic treatment protocols. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Primary Spine Care 1 - Contemporary Spine Research and Documentation, Central nervous system connection and the thalamus, hypothalamus connection in both ascending and descending central pathways with neuro-endocrine implications that have the mechanisms to be a component of Schizophrenia, Dementia and Alzheimer's with a linear relationship to the chiropractic spinal adjustment and chronic pain. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, MI, 2020
Traumatic Brain Injury and Concussion Overview:, This section is an in-depth overview of traumatic brain injury in concussion. It discusses that all brain injuries are traumatic and dispels the myth of a “mild traumatic brain injury.” Also, this covers triage protocols and the potential sequela of patients with traumatic brain injuries. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Head Trauma and Traumatic Brain Injury Part 1:, This section discusses gross traumatic brain injuries from trauma and significant bleeding with both epidural and subdural hematomas. There are numerous case studies reviewed inclusive of neurosurgical intervention and postsurgical outcomes. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Head Trauma and Traumatic Brain Injury Part 2:, This section continues with multiple case studies of gross traumatic brain injuries from trauma requiring neurosurgical intervention and also discusses recovery sequela based upon the significance of brain trauma. This module also concludes with concussion protocols in traumatic brain injury short of demonstrable bleeding on advanced imaging. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Concussion And Electroencephalogram Testing:, This this section covers concussion etiology and cognitive sequela where gross bleeding has not been identified on advanced imaging. It discusses the significance of electroencephalogram testing in determining brain function and pathology (if present). This module also covers the understanding of waveforms in electroencephalogram testing in both normal and abnormal scenarios. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Concussion And Electroencephalogram Testing Pathological Results:, This module covers amplitude, conduction and conduction delays as sequela to traumatic brain injury to diagnose concussion and traumatic brain injury in the absence of gross bleeding and advanced imaging. This section covers electroencephalograms and event-related potentials which measures the brain response that is a direct result of specific sensory or motor events. It is a stereotype electrophysiological response to a stimulus and provides a noninvasive means of evaluating brain function. In this module multiple case studies are discussed with ensuing triage protocols pending the results. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Primary Spine Care 9: Chiropractic as First Option for Spine, A Literature-Based Standard, Utilizing clinical findings in conjunction with advanced imaging and electrodiagnostic findings in managing collaborative relationships with medical specialists. Applying a literature standard to care to ensure conservative care as the first option. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Primary Spine Care 9: Chiropractic as the First Option for Spine, A Literature-Based Standard,, Managing spinal related cases based upon MRI findings of herniations, bulges, protrusion, extrusions (comminuted and fragmented) utilizing thin-sliced acquisition protocols. When to consider ordering T1, T2, Short Tau Inversion Radiant, proton density and Dixon sequencing for spinal related pathology. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Primary Spine Care 9: Chiropractic as the First Option for Spine, A Literature-Based Standard,, Creating literature-based documentation inclusive of history and a clinical examination that encompasses causality, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plans. Ensuring the whole person impairment ratings are consistent with contemporary literature. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Primary Spine Care 9: Chiropractic as the First Option for Spine, A Literature-Based Standard,, Spinal biomechanical engineering models related to pathobiomechanics and literature-based standards in creating an accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plan. Determining impairment ratings based upon alteration of motion segment integrity utilizing motion-imaging, and creating demonstrable evidence for continued treatment plans. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020
Post-Coronavirus PI Practice Strategy with Lawyers and MDs: Where MRI, Colossus and Documentation Fits, Documentation, MRI Necessity and Trends in Spinal Treatment Protocols. Correlating history and a thorough clinical evaluation in determining the necessity for x-ray and MRI evaluations in the trauma and non-trauma patient. Considering whole spine patho-biomechanics in formulating treatment plans and long-term supportive care. Documentation requirements in transitioning from telemedicine to in-office care. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, PACE Approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing boards, Cleveland University Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2020
Pathobiomechanics and Documentation, CPT Coding Guidelines for Initial and Established Patients with particular attention paid to Patient History, Review of Systems, Social and Family History, Physical Examination, and Medical Decision making. Specific differences in coding levels and required elements for a 99202-99203-99204-99205. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2020
Using Documentation and Ethical Relationships, Pathways to improve coordination of care, and interprofessional communication with collaborating physicians. Maintaining ethical relationships in the medical-legal community through documentation and communication of demonstrable diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plans Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2020
Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Clinical Application, History of clinical biomechanics with an emphasis on the diagnosis and management of spine pain of mechanical/functional origin. Evidence-based symptomatic vs. asymptomatic parameters using peer-reviewed medical index literature. Computerized mensuration analysis of spinal biomechanical pathology. Comparison of demonstrable spinal biomechanical failure on imaging to clinical evaluation and physical examination Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2020
Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Clinical Grand Rounds, Case reviews utilizing E/M, MRI, and x-ray mensuration report to conclude an accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plan. Common diagnosis requiring interprofessional collaboration with a discussion of diagnostic dilemmas and proper communication methods Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Long Island, N, 2020
Primary Spine Care 10: Trends in Spinal Healthcare, Analyzing spinal healthcare trends in both utilization and necessity and understanding the marketplace and how a level of clinical excellence is reflected in a doctors' documentation and credentials. Treatment pathways in triaging spinal pathobiomechanics. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2020
Primary Spine Care 10: MRI Spine Interpretation, An evidence-based understanding of time-related etiology of disc pathology considering the American Society of Neuroradiology's designation of protrusion, extrusion, and sequestration of spinal discs, Considering the signal intensity of discs in age-dating pathology and acquisition protocols for advanced spinal imaging. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2020
Primary Spine Care 10: Spinal Biomechanics; A Literature Perspective, An evidenced-based model for spinal biomechanical engineering and pathobiomechanics considering the pathophysiological limits in translations, angular deviation, and rotational planes. Utilizing the Cartesian system in plotting vertebral points to demonstratively conclude an accurate diagnosis, prognosis and biomechanical treatment plan with the consideration of long-term care in the non-specific mechanical spine pain patient when necessary. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2020
Primary Spine Care 10: Case Management of Mechanical Spine Pathology, Clinical Grand Rounds of herniated, protruded, extruded, sequestered, and bulging discs, Differentially diagnosing vascular vs. mechanical spinal lesions and the necessity for urgent vascular, neurological intervention, Collaborating in a team environment utilizing a neuroradiologist, electrophysiologist, and neurosurgeon with the chiropractor as the primary spine care provider. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2020
Chiropractic Care for Concussion & Post-Concussion Syndrome, Ted Arkfeld DC, Review of current chiropractic treatment methods for Concussion and Post-Concussion Syndrome patients from sports injuries to motor vehicle collision concussive injuries. Michigan Association of Chiropractors through Michigan Board of Chiropractic, Birmingham, MI, 2020
Clinical Grand Rounds – Traumatically Induced Cervical Central Canal Stenosis, A case review of traumatically induced acute cervical intervertebral disc extrusion with superior migration resulting in severe central canal stenosis and spinal cord impingement. A detailed review of physical examination findings, neurological evaluation, MRI images and surgical triage. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – T11 Spinal Fracture, a case review of traumatically induced T11 vertebral body fracture post motor vehicle collision. A detailed review of patient history, neurologic examination, plain film radiographs and advanced imaging studies were discussed. Comparison of Modic 1 and Modic 2 changes on T1 and T2 weighted MRI were reviewed, discussed and comparted to plain film images and CT scan images. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Trauma Team Qualified, Academy of Chiropractic, 2019
Advances in the Management of Traumatic Injuries (AMTI), AMTI is a program offered by the ICA Council of Applied Chiropractic Sciences. AMTI is designed to educate chiropractors on up-to-date evidence-based subluxation identification and management due to spinal injuries. This 80-hour, 6-module program helps maximize patient recovery, instruct how to properly document injuries and use the most relevant clinical practice guidelines to support care plans. Candidates receive a certificate upon completion. Certification in Advances in the Management of Traumatic Injuries (AMTI), International Chiropractors Association, Broomfield, CO, 2019
MRI Certification Part 1: Module #1 - MRI History and Physics, Magnetic fields, T1 and T2 relaxations, nuclear spins, phase encoding, spin echo, T1 and T2 contrast, magnetic properties of metals and the historical perspective of the creation of NMR and MRI. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 1: Module #2 - MRI Spinal Anatomy and Protocols, Normal anatomy of axial and sagittal views utilizing T1, T2, 3D gradient and STIR sequences of imaging. Standardized and desired protocols in views and sequencing of MRI examination to create an accurate diagnosis in MRI. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 1: Module #3 - MRI Disc Pathology and Spinal Stenosis, , MRI interpretation of bulged, herniated, protruded, extruded, sequestered and fragmented disc pathologies in etiology and neurological sequelae in relationship to the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 1: Module #4 - MRI Spinal Pathology, MRI interpretation of bone, intradural, extradural, cord and neural sleeve lesions. Tuberculosis, drop lesions, metastasis, ependymoma, schwanoma and numerous other spinal related tumors and lesions. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 1: Module #5 - MRI Methodology of Analysis, , MRI interpretation sequencing of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine inclusive of T1, T2, STIR and 3D gradient studies to ensure the accurate diagnosis of the region visualized. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 1: Module #6 - MRI Clinical Application, The clinical application of the results of space occupying lesions. Disc and tumor pathologies and the clinical indications of manual and adjustive therapies in the patient with spinal nerve root and spinal cord insult as sequelae. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 2: Module #1 - MRI Disc Overview & Imaging Protocols, MRI Protocols Clinical Necessity, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images. Clinical indication for the utilization of MRI and pathologies of disc in both trauma and non-trauma sequellae, including bulge, herniation, protrusion, extrusion and sequestration. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 2: Module #2 - MRI Interpretation of Lumbar Bulges/Degenerative Disc Disease, MRI Interpretation of Lumbar Degeneration/Bulges, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of lumbar degeneration. With the co-morbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrate, Schmorl/'s nodes and herniations. Central canal and cauda equina compromise interpretation with management. . Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 2: Module #3 - MRI Interpretation of Lumbar Herniated Discs, MRI Interpretation of Lumbar Herniations, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of lumbar herniations. With the co-morbities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrate, Schmorl/'s nodes and herniations. Morphology of lumbar disc pathologies of central and lateral herniations, protrusions, extrusions, sequestration, focal and broad based herniations are defined and illustrated. Central canal and cauda equina compromise interpretation with management. . Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 2: Module #4 - MRI Interpretation of Cervical Bulges/Degenerative Disc Disease , MRI Interpretation of Cervical Degeneration/Bulges, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of cervical degeneration. With the co-morbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrate, Schmorl/'s nodes and herniations. Spinal cord and canal compromise interpretation with management. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 2: Module #5 - MRI Interpretation of Cervical Herniated Discs, MRI Interpretation of Cervical Herniations, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR Axial, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of lumbar herniations. With the co-morbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrate, Schmorl/'s nodes and herniations, morphology of lumbar disc pathologies of central and lateral herniations, protrusions, extrusions, sequestration, focal and broad based herniations are defined and illustrated. Spinal cord and canal compromise interpretation with management. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
MRI Certification Part 2: Module #6 - Virtual Grand Rounds, MRI Interpretation of Degenerative Spine and Disc Disease with Overlapping Traumatic Insult to Both Spine and Disc, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR Axial, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of degenerative spondylolesthesis, spinal canal stenosis, Modic type 3 changes, central herniations, extrusions, compressions, nerve root compressions, advanced spurring and thecal sac involvement from an orthopedic, emergency room, chiropractic, neurological, neurosurgical, physical medicine perspective. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Personal Injury 101: Module #1 - Triaging and reporting while maintaining ethical medical-legal relationships, Neurodiagnostics, Imaging Protocols and Pathology of the Trauma Patient, An in-depth understanding of the protocols in triaging and reporting the clinical findings of the trauma patient. Maintaining ethical relationships with the medical-legal community. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Personal Injury 101: Module #2 - Physical Examination & Documentation for the Trauma Patient, Diagnostics, Risk Factors, Clinical Presentation and Triaging the Trauma Patient, An extensive understanding of the injured with clinically coordinating the history, physical findings and when to integrate neurodiagnostics. An understanding on how to utilize emergency room records in creating an accurate diagnosis and the significance of "risk factors" in spinal injury. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Personal Injury 101: Module #3 - Crash Dynamics and Its Relationship to Causality, An extensive understanding of the physics involved in the transference of energy from the bullet car to the target car. This includes G's of force, newtons, gravity, energy, skid marks, crumple zones, spring factors, event data recorder and the graphing of the movement of the vehicle before, during and after the crash. Determining the clinical correlation of forces and bodily injury. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Personal Injury 101: Module #4 - MRI, Bone Scan and X-Ray Protocols, Physiology and Indications for the Trauma Patient, MRI interpretation, physiology, history and clinical indications, bone scan interpretation, physiology and clinical indications, x-ray clinical indications for the trauma patient. Cleveland University - Kansas City,Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Personal Injury 101: Module #5 - Neurodiagnostics Testing: EMG/NCV, VEP, BAER, V-ENG and SSEP, Clinical Indications and Interpretation, Neurodiagnostic Testing Protocols, Physiology and Indications for the Trauma Patient, Electromyography (EMG), Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV), Somato Sensory Evoked Potential (SSEP), Visual Evoked Potential (VEP), Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Potential (BAER) and Visual-Electronystagmosgraphy (V-ENG) interpretation, protocols and clinical indications for the trauma patient. Cleveland University - Kansas City,Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Personal Injury 101: Module #6 - Documentation and Working within Your State Laws to Ensure Compliant Paperwork and Reimbursement, Documentation and Reporting for the Trauma Victim, Understanding the necessity for accurate documentation and diagnosis utilizing the ICD-9 and the CPT to accurately describe the injury through diagnosis. Understanding and utilizing state regulations on reimbursement issues pertaining to healthcare. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Personal Injury 101: Module #7 - Strategic Plan, Documenting Clinically Correlated Bodily Injury to Causality, Understanding the necessity for accurate documentation, diagnosis and clinical correlation to the injury when reporting injuries in the medical-legal community. Documenting the kinesiopathology, myopathology, neuropathology, and pathophysiology in both a functional and structural paradigm. Cleveland University - Kansas City,Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Part 1: Module #1 - Cartesian Coordinate System, The Cartesian Coordinate System from the history to the application in the human body. Explanation of the x, y and z axes in both translation and rotations (thetas) and how they are applicable to human biomechanics. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Part 1: Module #2 - Cervical Pathobiomechanics, Spinal biomechanical engineering of the cervical and upper thoracic spine. This includes the normal and pathobiomechanical movement of both the anterior and posterior motor units and normal function and relationship of the intrinsic musculature to those motor units. Nomenclature in reporting normal and pathobiomechanical findings of the spine. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Part 1: Module #3 - Lumbar Pathobiomechanics, , Spinal biomechanical engineering of the lumbar spine. This includes the normal and pathobiomechanical movement of both the anterior and posterior motor units and normal function and relationship of the intrinsic musculature to those motor units. Nomenclature in reporting normal and pathobiomechanical findings of the spine. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Part 1: Module #4 - Spinal Biomechanics in Trauma, To utilize whiplash associated disorders in various vectors of impact and whiplash mechanisms in determining pathobiomechanics. To clinically correlate annular tears, disc herniations, fractures, ligament pathology and spinal segmental instability as sequellae to pathobiomechanics from trauma. The utilization of digital motion x-ray in diagnoising normal versus abnormal facet motion along with case studies to understand the clinical application. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Part 2: Module #1 - Spinal Biomechanical Engineering & Organizational Analysis, Integrating spinal biomechanics and pathobiomechanics through digitized analysis.The comparison of organized versus disorganized compensation with regional and global compensation. Correlation of the vestibular, occular and proprioceptive neurological integration in the righting reflex as evidenced in imaging. Digital and numerical algorithm in analyzing a spine. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Part 2: Module #2 - Cervical Digital Analysis, Digitizing and analyzing the cervical spine in neutral, flexion and extension views to diagnose pathobiomechanics. This includes alteration of motion segment integrity (AMOSI) in both angular and translational movement. Ligament instability/failure/pathology are identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies to analyze pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Part 2: Module #3 - Lumbar Digital Analysis, Digitalizing and analyzing the lumbar spine images to diagnose pathobiomechanics. This includes anterior and posterior vertebral body elements in rotatioal analysis with neutral, left and right lateral bending in conjunction with gate analysis. Ligament instability/failure/pathology is identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies for analysis of pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm along with corrective guidelines. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Part 2: Module #4 - Full Spine Digital Analysis, Digitalizing and analyzing the full spine images to diagnose pathobiomechanics as sequellae to trauma in relation to ligamentous failure and disc and vertebral pathology as sequellae. This includes anterior and posterior vertebral body elements in rotatioal analysis with neutral, left and right lateral bending in conjunction with gate analysis. Ligament instability/failure/pathology is identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies for analysis of pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm along with corrective guidelines. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Spinal Trauma Pathology: Module 1 - Diagnostic Dilemmas and Connective Tissue Morphology, Spinal Trauma Pathology, Triage and Connective Tissue Injuries and Wound Repair, Triaging the injured and differentially diagnosing both the primary and secondary complaints. Connective tissue injuries and wound repair morphology focusing on the aberrant tissue replacement and permanency prognosis potential. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2019
Spinal Trauma Pathology: Module 2 - Ligament Anatomy and Injury Research and Spinal Kinematics, Spinal Trauma Pathology, Ligament Anatomy and Injury Research and Spinal Kinematics, Spinal ligamentous anatomy and research focusing on wound repair, future negative sequelae of abnormal tissue replacement and the resultant aberrant kinematics and spinal biomechanics of the spine. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2019
Spinal Trauma Pathology: Module 3 - Spinal Biomechanics, Central Nervous System and Spinal Disc Nomenclature, Spinal Trauma Pathology, Spinal Biomechanics, Central Nervous System and Spinal Disc Nomenclature, The application of spinal biomechanical engineering models in trauma and the negative sequelae it has on the central nervous system inclusive of the lateral horn, periaqueductal grey matter, thalamus and cortices involvement. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2019
Spinal Trauma Pathology: Module 4 - Biomechanics of Traumatic Disc Bulge and Age Dating Herniated Disc Pathology , Spinal Trauma Pathology, Biomechanics of Traumatic Disc Bulge and Age Dating Herniated Disc Pathology, The biomechanics of traumatic disc bulges as sequelae from trauma and the comorbidity of ligamentous pathology. Age-dating spinal disc pathology in accordance with Wolff’s Law. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2019
Spinal Trauma Pathology: Module 5 - Spinal Trauma Pathology, Clinical Grand Rounds, Spinal Trauma Pathology, Clinical Grand Rounds, The review of case histories of mechanical spine pathology and biomechanical failures inclusive of case histories, clinical findings and x-ray and advanced imaging studies. Assessing comorbidities in the triage and prognosis of the injured. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2019
Spinal Trauma Pathology: Module 6 - Spinal Trauma Pathology, Research and Documentation Review, Spinal Trauma Pathology, Research Perspectives, The review of current literature standards in spinal trauma pathology and documentation review of biomechanical failure, ligamentous failure and age-dating disc pathology. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2019
Orthopedic Testing: Module 1 - The Basics of Orthopedic Testing, Orthopedic Testing: Principles, Clinical Application and Triage, Integration of orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Orthopedic Testing: Module 2 - Cervical Spine Orthopedic Testing, Orthopedic Testing: Cervical Spine, Integration of cervical orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Orthopedic Testing: Module 3 - Cervical Spine Part 2, Orthopedic Testing: Cervical Spine, Integration of cervical orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Orthopedic Testing: Module 4 - Lumbar Spine, Orthopedic Testing: Lumbar Spine, Integration of lumbar orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Orthopedic Testing: Module 5 - Clinical Grand Rounds, Orthopedic Testing: Clinical Grand Rounds, how to integrate orthopedic testing in the clinical setting utilizing both simple and complex patient scenarios. It includes potential stroke, or vertebrobasilar insufficient patients and understanding the nuances in a clinical evaluation with orthopedic testing as a critical part of the evaluation and screening process. How to integrate orthopedic testing in the clinical setting utilizing both simple and complex patient scenarios. It includes potential stroke, or vertebrobasilar insufficient patients and understanding the nuances in a clinical evaluation with orthopedic testing as a critical part of the evaluation and screening process. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Accident Reconstruction: Module 1 - Terms, Concepts & Definitions, Accident Reconstruction: Terms, Concepts and Definitions, The forces in physics that prevail in accidents to cause bodily injury. Quantifying the force coefficients of vehicle mass and force vectors that can be translated to the occupant and subsequently cause serious injury. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Accident Reconstruction: Module 2 - Causality, Bodily Injury, Crumple Zones, Force & Critical Documentation, Accident Reconstruction: Causality, Bodily Injury, Negative Acceleration Forces, Crumple Zones and Critical Documentation, Factors that cause negative acceleration to zero and the subsequent forces created for the vehicle that get translated to the occupant. Understanding critical documentation of hospitals, ambulance reports, doctors and the legal profession in reconstructing an accident. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Accident Reconstruction: Module 3 - Skid Marks, Time, Distance, Velocity & Speed Formulas, Accident Reconstruction: Skid Marks, Time, Distance, Velocity, Speed Formulas and Road Surfaces, The mathematical calculations necessary utilizing time, distance, speed, coefficients of friction and acceleration in reconstructing an accident. The application of the critical documentation acquired from an accident site. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Accident Reconstruction: Module 4 - Research, Causality & Bodily Injury, Accident Reconstruction: Research, Causality and Bodily Injury, Delta V issues correlated to injury and mortality, side impact crashes and severity of injuries, event data recorder reports correlated to injury, frontal impact kinematics, crash injury metrics with many variables and inquiries related to head restraints. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Impairment Rating, The understanding and utilization of the protocols and parameters of the AMA Guide to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment 6th Edition. Spine, neurological sequelae, migraine, sexual dysfunction, sleep and arousal disorders, station and gait disorders and consciousness are detailed for impairment rating. Herniated discs, radiculopathy, fracture, dislocation and functional loss are also detailed in relation to impairment ratings. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury/Traumatic Brain Injury Concussion (MTBI), Differentially diagnosing mild traumatic brain injury vs. traumatic brain injury and the clinical and imaging protocols required to conclude an accurate diagnosis for head trauma. PACE Approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Board, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Interprofessional Hospital Based Spine Care, Interprofessional Hospital Based Spine Care, Trends in hospital and emergent care in the healthcare delivery system inclusive of policies, hospital staffing and current care paths for mechanical spine issues. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Medical-Legal-Insurance Documentation: Colossus of the Courtroom, Medical-Legal-Insurance Documentation, Accurate and compliant documentation of history and clinical findings inclusive of functional losses, loss of activities of daily living, duties under duress and permanent loss of enjoyment of life. Prognosing static vs. stable care, gaps in care both in the onset and in the middle of passive care with a focus on detailed diagnosing. The integration of chiropractic academia, the court system and the insurance reimburser’s requirements for complete documentation. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Stroke Anatomy & Evaluation for Chiropractors and Manual Medicine Specialists: Module 1 - Stroke Anatomy and Physiology Part 1, Stroke Anatomy and Physiology: Brain Vascular Anatomy, The anatomy and physiology of the brain and how blood perfusion effects brain function. A detailed analysis of the blood supply to the brain and the physiology of ischemia. Objective: To understand the anatomy and physiology of brain hemodynamics and stroke types. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Stroke Anatomy & Evaluation for Chiropractors and Manual Medicine Specialists: Module 2 - Stroke Anatomy and Physiology Part 2, Stroke Anatomy and Physiology: Stroke Types and Blood Flow, Various types of stroke identifying ischemia, hypoperfusion, infarct and penumbra zones and emboli. Cardiac etiologies and clinical features as precursor to stroke with associated paradoxical emboli and thrombotic etiologies. Historical and co-morbidities that have etiology instroke inclusive of diabetes, coagulopathy, acquired and hereditary deficiencies. Objective: To understand stroke types and etiologies both historical and historical risk factors. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Stroke Anatomy & Evaluation for Chiropractors and Manual Medicine Specialists: Module 3 - Stroke Principles of Treatment an Overview for the Primary Care Provider, Stroke Principles of Treatment an Overview for the Primary Care Provider, Stroke type and treatments performed by vascular specialists. The goals of treatment with the physiology of the infarct and penumbra zones and the role of immediate triage in the primary care setting. Detailing the complications of stroke and future care in the chiropractic, primary care or manual medicine clinical setting. To understand stroke treatment and the role of the primary care provider in early detection and triage. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Stroke Anatomy & Evaluation for Chiropractors and Manual Medicine Specialists: Module 4 - Clinical Evaluation & Protocols for Identifying Stroke Risk, Clinical Evaluation and Protocols for Identifying Stroke Risk, The neurological history and examination for identifying stroke risks with a focus on supra and infratentorial regions, upper and lower motor lesions, cranial nerve signs, spinal cord pathology, motor and sensory pathology and gait abnormalities. Examining genetic and family histories along with dissection risk factors. Stroke orthopedic testing and clinical guidelines pertaining to triage for the primary care provider. Objective: To understand stroke/neurological evaluation and triage clinical guidelines. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Spinal Disc and Ligaments; Neurology and Pathology: Module 1, Neurology of Ligament Pathology- Normal Morphology and Tissue Damage, Connective tissue morphology, embryology and wound repair as sequalae to trauma. Full components of strain-sprain models and permanency implications with wound repair and osseous aberration with aberrant structural integrity. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Spinal Disc and Ligaments; Neurology and Pathology: Module 2, Neurology of Ligament Pathology- Spinal Biomechanics and Disc Pathology, Disc pathology as sequella to trauma; herniation, extrusion, protrusion, sequestration and how the spinal unit as one system creates homeostasis to balance the pathology. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Spinal Disc and Ligaments; Neurology and Pathology: Module 3, Neurology of Ligament Pathology- Neurological Innervation, The peripheral and central innervation of the disc and spinal ligaments of the dorsal root ganglion, spinal thalamic tracts, periaqueductal gray areas innervating the Thalamus and multiple regions of the brain. The efferent neurological distribution to disparate areas of the spine to create homeostatis until tetanus ensues creating osseous changes under the effect of Wolff's Law. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Triaging the Trauma and Non-Trauma Patient, Triaging the Trauma and Non-Trauma Patients, Correlating clinical findings and the patient history in determining the correct course of care in triaging the patient utilizing orthopedic and neurological evaluations in the clinical setting. Understanding the parameters for immediate referrals vs. following the continuum of care to determine the necessity for referrals. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Utilizing Research In Clinical Practice, Utilization of Research in the Clinical setting, Utilizing peer reviewed scientific literature in creating a diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan for the chronic and acute patient. How to implement and stay current on techniques and technology in healthcare. Cleveland University – Kansas City,Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division,Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation & Ethical Medical-Legal Relationships: Module #1, Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Legal Testimony, Part 1, Report writing for legal cases, the 4 corners of a narrative and documenting damages with understanding defense medical documentation and consistent reporting of bodily injuries. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation & Ethical Medical-Legal Relationships: Module #2, Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Legal Testimony, Part 2, Understanding report writing and the types of medical reports required for court inclusive of diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plans with requirements of reporting causality and permanency. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation & Ethical Medical-Legal Relationships: Module #3, Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony Part 1, Organizing your documentation and understanindg all collaborative documentation and how it fits into your diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan, Understanding the nuances of the functional losses of your patients related to their bodily injuries, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation & Ethical Medical-Legal Relationships: Module #4, Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony Part 2, Utilizing demonstrative documentation in direct examination and communicating the results of your care concurrently with the written documentation and reporting an accurate diagnosis for all images. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation & Ethical Medical-Legal Relationships: Module #5, Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony Part 3, The evaluation, interpretation and reporting of collaborative medical specialists results and concluding an accurate diagnosis inclusive of all findings and reviewing all images to ensure an accurate diagnosis. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation & Ethical Medical-Legal Relationships: Module #6, Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony Part 4, Determininig and documenting disabilities and impairments inclusive of loss of enjoyment of life and duties under duress and the evaluation and validation of pain and suffering. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation & Ethical Medical-Legal Relationships: Module #7, Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Cross Examination Testimony, Reporting your documentation factually and staying within the 4 corners of your medical report and scope of practice inclusive of understanding how your credentials allow you to report your documentation. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation & Ethical Medical-Legal Relationships: Module #8, Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, A Documentation Relationship Between the Doctor and Lawyer, The level of organization required in a medical-legal case that accurately reflects the bodily injuries of your patients and the time constraints in rendering an accurate report. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation & Ethical Medical-Legal Relationships: Module #9, Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Report Writing and Preparing for a Legal Case, Reviewing the facts of the case inclusive of your documentation, the defense medical examiner, medical specialists and the attorney to ensure accurate and consistent reporting. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation & Ethical Medical-Legal Relationships: Module #10, Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Report Writing and Preparing for a Legal Case, Creating demonstrative evidence, visuals of your patient's bodily injuries inclusive of x-rays, MRI's, CAT Scans and electrodiagnostic findings, the spinal biomechanics of herniated disc with ipsilateral findings and contralateral symptomatology. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2019
Primary Spine Care 8: DC vs. PT vs. MD vs. Drugs as 1st Option for Spine, Trends in Spinal Treatment, Migration of spinal care for mechanical spine issues from hospitals and medical specialists to trauma qualified chiropractors based upon published outcomes. Utilizing imaging studies in spinal biomechanics, pain models and clinical outcomes to determine a conclusive diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan for triaging in a collaborative environment. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Primary Spine Care 8: DC vs. PT vs. MD vs. Drugs as 1st Option for Spine, Neurology of Spinal Biomechanics, Understanding the normal of spinal biomechanics and the neurotransmitters required for homeostasis. The interconnected role of Pacinian Corpuscles, Ruffini Corpuscles, Golgi Organ Receptors, Nociceptors, Proprioreceptors and Mechancoreceptors in maintaining sagittal and axial alignment in the presence of mechanical pathology. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Primary Spine Care 8: DC vs. PT vs. MD vs. Drugs as 1st Option for Spine, MRI Age-Dating of Herniated Discs, The literature, academic and clinical standards to age-date herniated discs. The clinical correlation the pain patters with advanced imaging finings of bone edema, spurs based upon the Piezoelectric effect of remodeling, high signal on T2 weighted images, Vacuum Discs and disc heights in determining the time frames of the etiology of the spinal disc pathology. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Primary Spine Care 8: DC vs. PT vs. MD vs. Drugs as 1st Option for Spine, Creating Ethical Collaborative and Medical-Legal Relationships, Understanding the timely triage necessities based upon clinical and imaging outcomes and the documentation required for collaborative physicians to continue care. Ensuring that the documentation is complete, reflective of services rendered and clear for third party consideration in an admissible format to considered in a medical-legal environment. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Primary Spine Care 8: DC vs. PT vs. MD vs. Drugs as 1st Option for Spine, Central Innervation of Spinal Biomechanical Engineering, Understanding the lateral and ventral horn’s innovations of Pacinian Corpuscles, Ruffini Corpuscles, Golgi Organ Receptors, Nociceptors, Proprioreceptors and Mechancoreceptors and the pathways through the spinal thalamic tracts through the periaqueductal region, the Thalamus into the Occipital, pre-frontal, sensory and motor cortexes and the efferently back through the Thalamus to disparate regions in creating spinal homeostasis, Pacinian Corpuscles, Ruffini Corpuscles, Golgi Organ Receptors, Nociceptors, Proprioreceptors and Mechancoreceptors. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Primary Spine Care 8: DC vs. PT vs. MD vs. Drugs as 1st Option for Spine, Identifying Spinal Pathology of MRI, Utilizing T1, T2, STIR and Gradient studies in determining myelomalacia, intra and extra-dural tumors and systemic disease patterns affecting the spinal cord. When to use contrast post-operatively in identifying discal structures vs. adhesions on postoperative advanced imaging. MRI Interpretation of herniated, circumferential bulges, focal bulges, protruded, extruded, comminuted, sequestered and fragmented discs. When to consider a neurosurgical consultation based upon the correlation of imaging and clinical findings. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Thoracic Intervertebral Disc Herniation with Subsequent Four Level Spinal Fusion T6-T10 , case review of multilevel intervertebral disc herniations in the thoracic spine with clinical correlation to mechanism of injury, physical examination findings, neurological examination and range of motion analysis. Differential diagnosis of facet syndrome, thoracic radiculopathy and discogenic pain including structural innervation of surrounding tissues and intervertebral discs with referral pattern was reviewed and discussed. Subsequent failure of chiropractic care and rehabilitation leading to multilevel thoracic spinal fusion was demonstrated and reviewed. Plain film radiographs and MRI evaluation of the thoracic spine sagittal and axial images in T1, T2 and STIR was demonstrated and clinically correlated to objective findings and subjective complaints. Interprofessional referral and documentation was outlined and discussed. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division,, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Traumatic Cervical Disc Herniation with Pre-existing Cervical Spinal Fusion, a case review of traumatically induced multi-level cervical disc herniation with below a pre-existing spinal fusion. Review of case history, physical examination findings, plain film radiographs, cervical spine MRI with particular attention paid to osteophyte and modic changes. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed focusing on acute versus chronic spinal injury. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Innervation Patterns and their Clinical Application of the Spinal Meninges and the Intervertebral Discs, a detailed review of spinal cord anatomy both in sagittal and axial sections with particular attention being paid to the three covering layers. Analysis of the structure, function and sensory innervation of the dura mater [aka the thecal sac], arachnoid mater and pia mater. Discussion of the sensory innervation of health and degenerative intervertebral discs was presented and outlined. Causality related to mechanism of injury, physical examination presentation and analysis of bodily injury was presented. Cleveland University – Kanas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Clinical Diagnosis and Management Traumatic Cervical Spine Injury with Pre-existing Fusion, a detailed review of physical examination and assessment of traumatic cervical spine injury in a patient with a pre-existing spinal fusion at C3-C5. Discussion of pre-existing disc bulges versus traumatically induced intervertebral disc herniation was reviewed. Clinical correlation to prior history, current history, physical examination findings, MRI T1, T2 and STIR images, dynamic flexion/extension radiographs were provided. Definition and discussion of Alteration of Motion Segment Integrity (AOMSI) and its correlation to mechanism of injury and sensory pain fiber test was presented. Cleveland University – Kanas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Computerized Mensuration of Spinal Biomechanical Pathology, Understanding the algorithmic interpretation of spinal biomechanical pathology in a 3-D model and creating treatment plans, impairment ratings and teaching models based upon the vertebral motor unit angles. Determining sagittal and axial alignments in creating a normative baseline for treatment goals and outcomes. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Neurosurgical-Chiropractic Collaboration on Spinal Pathology, Utilizing x-ray, MRI and other modalities of advanced imaging in conjunction with spinal biomechanical failure and clinical evaluation to collaboratively create treatment protocols for patients in both the operative and non-operative cases. Determining the boundaries of scope of care for both the chiropractor and neurosurgeon based upon a definitive diagnosis of the mechanical vs. an anatomical lesion. Cleveland University – Kanas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Documentation and Ethics in Medical-Legal Relationships, Creating ethical relationships based upon accurate documentation reflective of the casually related condition of the injured. Ensuring accepted credentials of the doctor based upon Voir Dire standards reflected in an admissible curriculum vitae. How to present demonstrative documentation in the courts reflective of the patient’s pathology. Cleveland University – Kanas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Coding, Documentation and Compliant Coding, Ensuring the correct codes are utilized in an evaluation and management encounter. The correct elements are utilized to support the level of E&M coded along with a self-audit program to ensure ethical billing occurs. Guidelines for history of present illness, primary complaint, review of systems, family, social and past histories are discussed and how to document the same. Cleveland University – Kanas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – 14 mm Cervical Disc Herniation with Spinal Cord Compression., – A case review of traumatically induced 14 mmm acute cervical intervertebral disc extrusion with inferior migration resulting in severe right lateral canal stenosis, foraminal stenosis and spinal cord impingement. A detailed review of physical examination findings, neurological evaluation, MRI images and surgical triage was presented. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Traumatic Disc Bulge and Associated Grade 2 Ligament Injury., – A case review of traumatically induced cervical spine traumatic bulge of the intervertebral disc with concomitant grade 2 ligament injury was presented. Detailed anatomy and morphological presentation of normal and degenerative intervertebral disc presentation was demonstrated and reviewed. Review of morphological differences between disc bulge, disc herniation and disc protrusion was presented. Grade 1, Grade 2 and Grade 3 ligamentous sprains were reviewed and discussed. Radiographic analysis and objectification of grade 2 sprain was presented and its correlation to the AMA Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment 5th edition was reviewed. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Thoracic Intervertebral Disc Herniation with Subsequent Four Level Spinal Fusion T6-T10., – Case review of multilevel intervertebral disc herniations in the thoracic spine with clinical correlation to mechanism of injury, physical examination findings, neurological examination and range of motion analysis. Differential diagnosis of facet syndrome, thoracic radiculopathy and discogenic pain including structural innervation of surrounding tissues and intervertebral discs with referral pattern was reviewed and discussed. Subsequent failure of chiropractic care and rehabilitation leading to multilevel thoracic spinal fusion was demonstrated and reviewed. Plain film radiographs and MRI evaluation of the thoracic spine sagittal and axial images in T1, T2 and STIR was demonstrated and clinically correlated to objective findings and subjective complaints. Interprofessional referral and documentation was outlined and discussed. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Traumatic Cervical Disc Herniation with Pre-existing Cervical Spinal Fusion., – A case review of traumatically induced multi-level cervical disc herniation with below a pre-existing spinal fusion. Review of case history, physical examination findings, plain film radiographs, cervical spine MRI with particular attention paid to osteophyte and modic changes. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed focusing on acute versus chronic spinal injury. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Innervation Patterns and their Clinical Application of the Spinal Meninges and the Intervertebral Discs., – A detailed review of spinal cord anatomy both in sagittal and axial sections with particular attention being paid to the three covering layers. Analysis of the structure, function and sensory innervation of the dura mater [aka the thecal sac], arachnoid mater and pia mater. Discussion of the sensory innervation of health and degenerative intervertebral discs was presented and outlined. Causality related to mechanism of injury, physical examination presentation and analysis of bodily injury was presented. Cleveland University – Kanas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Clinical Diagnosis and Management Traumatic Cervical Spine Injury with Pre-existing Fusion., – A detailed review of physical examination and assessment of traumatic cervical spine injury in a patient with a pre-existing spinal fusion at C3-C5. Discussion of pre-existing disc bulges versus traumatically induced intervertebral disc herniation was reviewed. Clinical correlation to prior history, current history, physical examination findings, MRI T1, T2 and STIR images, dynamic flexion/extension radiographs were provided. Definition and discussion of Alteration of Motion Segment Integrity (AOMSI) and its correlation to mechanism of injury and sensory pain fiber test was presented. Cleveland University – Kanas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Spinal Primary and Secondary Biomechanical Pathology., – A case review of objectification of spinal biomechanical pathology utilizing a Whole Organ Model of the human spine. Discussion of adjacent region mechanical dysfunction and clinical diagnosis utilizing sagittal and coronal plan data. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed focusing on acute versus chronic spinal injury. Cleveland University – Kanas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Clinical Grand Rounds – Anatomical vs Mechanical Sources of Spine Pain in the Spine Pain Patient., – Case study presentation outlining risk factors for increased injury susceptibility including prior surgical fusion. Comparison between MRI and plain film radiographic objective data was outlined and presented. Importance of interprofessional communication and review of prior medical records. Analysis of spinal compression fracture and surgical hardware was outlined. Cleveland University – Kanas City, MDR Consulting, Buffalo, NY, 2019
Certificate in Motor Vehicle Injuries (150 hr), Ten, fifteen-hour seminars leading to the Certificate in Motor Vehicle Injuries with emphasis on understanding the mechanism of injuries, physical examination, diagnosing the injuries, documenting findings and progress, working with attorneys and medical specialists. The 150 hours of required core courses include: 75 hours of physical examination with an emphasis on motor vehicle injuries, 30 hours in spinal examination and diagnosis, 15 hours in extremity examination and diagnosis, 15 hours in cranial nerve examination and diagnosis, 15 hours in radiographic examination and diagnosis, 15 hours in medical legal issues in motor vehicle injuries, 15 hours in Whole Person Impairment Rating using AMA Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment Sixth Edition, 45 hours in assessment, documentation and management of motor vehicle injuries. Each of the ten-core course includes a test with questions directly related to material covered in the course. A passing grade is 80%. Upon completion of all ten core courses or their approved equivalents, along with the minimum practice experience a candidate may apply for the comprehensive testing to meet the requirement for the Certificate in Motor Vehicle Injuries. Certification in Motor Vehicle Injuries, The American Academy of Motor Vehicle Injuries is recognized by the PACE program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards. PACE accredits CEs in 38 states, The American Academy of Motor Vehicle Injuries, Phoenix, AZ, 2018
Functional Medicine University, The overall goal of Functional Medicine University's Certification Program (CFMP®) is to increase and expand the clinical expertise and knowledge base of healthcare practitioners in the principles and practice of functional medicine. The main objectives of the program for qualified participants are: To promote an understanding of patient-centered diagnosis vs. disease-centered diagnosis. To teach health care practitioners to foster traditional values of holistic health care while incorporating current diagnostic procedures and treatment to improve the overall quality of care. To teach practitioners to promote optimal health and wellness of patients through the education of prevention and early identification of pathological, nutritional, and functional disorders, and to foster integrative therapies. To teach proficiency in the identification of biochemical, physiological, and structural aberrations that have shown to lead to clinical pathophysiology. To learn and understand the total load concept (environmental toxins, heavy metal toxicities, toxic emotions, and hormonal imbalances). To gain mastery in identifying metabolic deficiencies (amino acids, fatty acids, enzymes, co-factors, vitamins, minerals) To achieve proficiency in the clinical workup of patients presenting with complex chronic disease; To develop the skills and competency in planning primary and secondary preventive interventions using diet, lifestyle, nutrient, phytonutrient, mind/body, and pharmaceutical modalities. Certification in Functional Medicine, Ronald Grisanti D.C.,D.A.B.C.O., D.A.C.B.N.,M.S., CFMP, Southern California University of Health Science, Greenville, SC, 2018
Manipulation Under Anesthesia, Certification in Manipulation Under Anesthesia Fellowship, Robert C. Gordon, DC and Donald T. Alosio, Jr., DC, Southern California University of Health Sciences, Dept of Professional Studies, Warren, MI, 2017
Certification in Whiplash Biomechanics & Injury Traumatology, Advanced Certification, Arthur C. Croft, Ph.D., D.C., M.Sc., M.P.H., F.A.C.O., Spinal Research Institute of San Diego, 2011
Certification in Whiplash Biomechanics & Injury Traumatology, Arthur C. Croft, Ph.D., D.C., M.Sc., M.P.H., F.A.C.O., Spinal Research Institute of San Diego, 2010

SCHOLARLY PRESENTATIONS

Lupo DC, FSBT, FACMUAP, J. (2021, April). A Collaborative Model of Spine/Back/Neck Care Management Live PowerPoint Presentation presented at the GMP Network PO Spring Education Session accredited for ACCME through Michigan State Medical Society, Roseville, MI.
Rodnick DC, A., Lupo DC, J., Francis MD, T. (2019, August). Improving Patient Outcomes with Co-management of the Neurosurgeon and Chiropractor PowerPoint presented at the Dinner Meeting- Nuvasive, Birmingham, MI.
Saleh, MD, K., Lupo, DC, J., Rodnick, DC, A. (2018, June). MMIC Michigan Musculoskeletal Institute Collaborative PowerPoint presented at the Meeting, Bloomfield Twp, MI.

SELECTED MEMBERSHIPS

AAMVI: American Academy of Motor Vehicle Injuries, Education Board, 2019 - Present
GMP Network PHO, Member, 2014 - Present
Life University, President's Circle, 2013 - Present
Michigan Association of Chiropractors, Century Club, 2000 - Present
International Chiropractors Association, 2000 - Present

SELECTED HONORS AND AWARDS

Fellowship in Spinal Biomechanics and Trauma (FSBT), Cleveland University Kansas City Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Recognized by State University of New York, Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 2021
Fellowship in the American Association of MUA Providers (FACMUAP), American Association of Manipulation Under Anesthesia Providers, 2020
Certificate in the Advances in the Management of Traumatic Injuries (AMTI), International Chiropractor Association Council on Applied Chiropractic Science, 2020
Trauma Qualified Trauma Team Member, Academy of Chiropractic, recognized by Cleveland University Kansas City, 2020
MRI Spine Credentialing, Academy of Chiropractic, recognized by Cleveland University Kansas City & SUNY Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 2019
Certificate in Motor Vehicle Injuries (150hr), American Academy of Motor Vehicle Injuries, 2018
Certified Functional Medicine Practitioner, Functional Medicine University recognized by Southern California University of Health Sciences, 2018
Chiropractic Torch Bearer, International Chiropractors Association, Political Action Committee, 2012
Advanced Certificate of Competency, Spine Research Institute of San Diego, 2011
Presidential Citation, Life University, 2004
Dean's List, Life University, 2000