Donald Capoferri DC, BCN, DAAMLP, FSBT
6316 Spalding Drive, Suite 1, Norcross, GA, 30092
Phone: 770-448-4742
Fax: 770-448-4730
drcapoferri@gmail.com
http://drcapoferri.com

OCCUPATIONAL HISTORY

Clinic Director, Neurofeedback Doctor, BrainCore Therapy Center of Atlanta, Norcross, Georgia, 2013 - Present

CEO, Precision Business Development, Inc, Norcross, Georgia, 2000 - Present

Clinic Director, Chiropractor, Precision Pain Relief Center, dba Spine and Injury Center, Norcross, Georgia, 1982 - Present

EDUCATION AND LICENSURE

Doctor of Chiropractic, licensed in the State of Georgia, License # GA1786, 1981-Present

Doctorate of Chiropractic, Pennsylvania College of Chiropractic, Langhorne, Pennsylvania, 1981

Internship, Pennsylvania College of Chiropractic Outpatient Clinic, Langhorne, Pennsylvania, 1979-1981

Associate Degree in Camden County College, Blackwood, New Jersey, 1978

Undergraduate Studies in Chiropractic Prequisites, Rutgers University, Camden, New Jersey, 1978 – 1979

SELECTED POST-GRADUATE EDUCATION, CERTIFICATIONS AND DIPLOMATES

Trends in Spinal Treatment, Migration of spinal care for mechanical spine issues from hospitals and medical specialists to trauma qualified chiropractors based upon published outcomes. Utilizing imaging studies in spinal biomechanics, pain models and clinical outcomes to determine a conclusive diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan for triaging in a collaborative environment.  Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Neurology of Spinal Biomechanics, Understanding the normal of spinal biomechanics and the neurotransmitters required for homeostasis. The interconnected role of Pacinian Corpuscles, Ruffini Corpuscles, Golgi Organ Receptors, Nociceptors, Proprioceptors and Mechanoreceptors in maintaining sagittal and axial alignment in the presence of mechanical pathology. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

MRI Age-Dating of Herniated Discs, The literature, academic and clinical standards to age-date herniated discs. The clinical correlation the pain patters with advanced imaging finings of bone edema, spurs based upon the Piezoelectric effect for remodeling, high signal on T2 weighted images, Vacuum Discs and disc heights in determining the time frames of the etiology of the spinal disc pathology. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Creating Ethical Collaborative and Medical-Legal Relationships, Understanding the timely triage necessities based upon clinical and imaging outcomes and the documentation required for collaborative physicians to continue care. Ensuring that the documentation is complete, reflective of services rendered and clear for third party consideration in an admissible format to considered in a medical-legal environment. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Central Innervation of Spinal Biomechanical Engineering, Understanding the lateral and ventral horn’s innovations of Pacinian Corpuscles, Ruffini Corpuscles, Golgi Organ Receptors, Nociceptors, Proprioceptors and Mechanoreceptors and the pathways through the spinal thalamic tracts through the periaqueductal region, the Thalamus into the Occipital, pre-frontal, sensory and motor cortexes and the efferently back through the Thalamus to disparate regions in creating spinal homeostasis, Pacinian Corpuscles, Ruffini Corpuscles, Golgi Organ Receptors, Nociceptors, Proprioceptors and Mechanoreceptors. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Identifying Spinal Pathology of MRI, Utilizing T1, T2, STIR and Gradient studies in determining myelomalacia, intra and extra-dural tumors and systemic disease patterns affecting the spinal cord. When to use contrast post-operatively in identifying disc structures vs. adhesions on postoperative advanced imaging. MRI Interpretation of herniated, circumferential bulges, focal bulges, protruded, extruded, comminuted, sequestered and fragmented discs. When to consider a neurosurgical consultation based upon the correlation of imaging and clinical findings. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Supply of Chiropractic Care and Visits to Primary Care Physicians for Neck and Back Pain discussion of primary care visits and lower back pain. Expenditures and contributions to disability data. Discussion of supply of chiropractic care in context of visits for lower back pain and primary care physicians. Estimated national impact of primary care visits and expenditures was outlined with a focus on chiropractic’s assistance in managing lower back pain. Defining an “episode” of lower back pain and relationship to collection of epidemiological data. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Safety of Chiropractic Care in Lower Back Pain and Migraine Headaches – review of adverse events associated with chiropractic care in the treatment of migraine. Outline of a prospective 3-armed, single-blinded, placebo RCT. Discussion of transient and mild events following chiropractic intervention. Randomized clinical trials and meta-analysis reviewed and discussed relating to the diagnosis and management of lower back pain including adverse event reporting. Risk of injury to the head, neck or trunk following an office visit for chiropractic spinal manipulation, as compared to office visit for evaluation by primary care physician.

Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Chiropractic and Pain Management in Primary Care – evaluation of the analgesic effects of spinal manipulation on both healthy and pain inflicted patients. Discussion of evidence of increased in pressure pain thresholds in musculoskeletal pain at both local and remote sites. Detailed knowledge of patient population regarding demographics and socioeconomic factors as well as disease-specific characteristics. Suggestion that lower back pain should not be seen as benign and self-limiting with focus on management. Describe the communication system surrounding the management of chronic pain from the perspectives of allopathic providers, acupuncture and chiropractor providers, and chronic musculoskeletal pain patients.   Chiropractic manipulative treatment (CMT) association with lower healthcare costs among multiply-comorbid Medicare beneficiaries with an episode of chronic low back pain was reviewed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Perceptions of Chiropractic Care – demographic review of data on the perceptions of chiropractic care. Review of patient interest, trustworthiness, costs and frequency of visits was discussed.Nationally representative survey to compare characteristics and use of survey respondents with positive and negative perceptions of DCs and chiropractic care. Positive perceptions of DCs were more common than those for chiropractic care. US adults generally perceive DCs in a positive manner. Describe the preferences of older adults for low back pain co-management by MDs and DCs and identify their concerns for receiving care under such a treatment model.Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Chiropractic and Post-Surgical Care and Care for Veterans – discussion of persistent post-surgical lower back and radicular pain response to chiropractic care. Relevant anatomy related to lower back pain and intervertebral disc injury was outlined and presented. Discussion and development of an integrated care pathway for doctors of chiropractic, primary care providers, and mental health professionals who manage veterans with low back pain, with or without mental health comorbidity, within Department of Veterans Affairs health care facilities. Support for the inclusion of chiropractic care as a component of multidisciplinary health care for low back pain, as currently recommended in existing guidelines with a focus on US Service Members. Discussion of availability of chiropractic care to military healthcare systems, referral and Interprofessional communication models. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Effects of Chiropractic Care Combined with Medical Care, First Contact and Provider Type – differences in outcomes, patient satisfaction, and related healthcare costs in spinal, hip, and shoulder pain patients who initiated care with medical doctors (MDs) vs those who initiated care with doctors of chiropractic (DCs). Pain of musculoskeletal origin and epidemiology of reduced productivity. Comparison of data on health outcomes, patient satisfaction, and related healthcare costs in patients consulting differing first-contact care providers for musculoskeletal pain. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – Integrating Chiropractic Care into Primary Care and Private Sector Healthcare Facilities – suggestion of a diverse role for chiropractors within conventional health care facilities. Discussion of chiropractic’s effectiveness for managing musculoskeletal disorders, particularly spine-related pain and disability. Descriptions of doctors of chiropractic who work in nongovernmental, private sector health care settings in the United States. Shared electronic health records, face-to-face informal consultations methods for Interprofessional communication.Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Primary Care and Internal Medicine – American College of Physicians – Guideline Recommendations – Non-Invasive and Non-Pharmacological - American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Systematically review the current evidence on non-pharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic non-radicular or radicular low back pain. Comparative benefits of non-pharmacological therapies in acute/subacute low back pain including exercise, spinal manipulation, lumbar supports, acupuncture, laser, ultrasound and traction. Discussion of first and second line therapies with reduction in opioid prescription.Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Emergency Medicine and Spine Pain – review of lack of guidelines for the management of lower back pain in the ED. Frequency of lower back pain visitation in the emergency department including environmental/sociocultural dimensions and physical/psychospiritual dimensions were reviewed. Discussion of utilization of significant healthcare resources with complete description of lower back pain characteristics, health services use in non-urgent lower back pain patients presenting to the ED. Managing spine pain in the ED using usual and customary medical intervention. Extent of appropriate CT and MRI scans in the hospital setting, accessibility reviewed in conjunction with presented national data. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Medication Usage and Motor Vehicle Accidents – review of ADHD medication utilization and motor vehicle accident data and frequency of motor vehicle accident sin this specific patient population. Review of the prevalent and preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among patients and concepts of restricting based on prognostic factors. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Emergency Department Imaging Perspectives – review of imaging protocols among a spectrum of clinical indications, perspective on aging populations and clinical complexity. Review of CT, MRI, plain film imaging and ultrasound and their relationships to internal medicine and musculoskeletal disorders examined on an emergency basis through patient generated national survey data. Details of specific contexts in which imaging has become concentrated and targeted efforts for optimization of utilization. Considerations of utilization of CT in the emergency department and evaluation to increasing trends. Review of quality improvements in imaging utilization. Comparison between pediatric and adult imaging protocols and trends. Discussion and analysis of “Choose Wisely” recommendations and creating of guideline/policy/clinical pathways in New England Emergency Departments. MRI utilization in pediatric ED reviewed and analyzed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Cauda Equina Syndrome and Other Emergent Conditions – traumatic injuries to the thoracolumbar spine and overall impact on emergency services. Discussion of exact definitions of Conus Medullaris Syndrome (CMS) and Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES). Diagnosis in acute phase and radiological findings clinically correlating with physical examination findings. Parameters for spinal regions of traumatic injury were presented and reviewed. Case presentations for neck and spine were included and reviewed with particular focus on differential diagnosis and case uniqueness. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Emergency Medicine Residency Curriculum – review of Ohio State University Emergency Medicine Residency Program Musculoskeletal Emergencies Curriculum. Outline of the significant nature of musculoskeletal emergency presentations to ED. Details in the training required to master clinical experience, self-directed learning and small group didactics. Case study reviews and discussion was presented with particular focus on infection vs non-infections and traumatic vs non-traumatic presentations in ED. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Opioid vs Non-Opioid Medications in the Emergency Department – discussion of limited evidence of long-term outcomes of opioids with non-opioid medication for chronic pain. Literature review on effectiveness for opioid interventions. Discussion of alternative recommendations, evidence-demonstrating lack of benefit and poor long-term outcomes. Variation in physician opioid prescriptions discussed. Patterns of opioid initiation at first visits for pain in the ED in the United States including frequency and dosage. Emergency Department data concerning the persistent pain after motor vehicle accidents and comparison between opioid and NSAID prescribed in the ED. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Concussion and Repeat ED visits – review of patients presenting to ED with concussion with re-visitation within 72 hours. Mechanism of injury including closed head injury, assault, fall and motor vehicle accidents discussed. Epidemiological evidence presented regarding number of visitations, characteristics and care paths reviewed. Discussion of adoption of a more comprehensive discharge plan to further prevent repeat visits was outlined. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – CDC Epidemiology of ED Visits in the United States, Adults Over 65 and Motor Vehicle Accidents – Evaluation of data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and frequency of ED visitation. Percentage of visits requiring hospital admission was reviewed along with patterns of need for critical care. Review of imaging ordering statistics and clinical diagnosis was discussed. Details of primary and secondary ED diagnosis presented in relation to sprain/strain, contusion and spinal pathology including herniated intervertebral disc, facture and spinal cord compression. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey – a review of the current representative data on ambulatory care visits to hospital emergency departments in the United States. Demographics, residence, insurance class, chief complaint with focus on traumatic injury, diseases of the nervous and musculoskeletal systems were outlined. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Lower Back Pain and Emergency Room Visits – detailed analysis of impact of lower back pain on ED globally. First systematic review of the trends in the literature including lower back pain as significant complaint and the variables in its definition. Discussion of the proper diagnosis and triage of lower back pain and its current impact on ED management was reviewed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – Spinal Cord Injury without Radiographic Abnormality (SCIWORA) in Adults – case reports – detailed review of Spinal Cord Injury without Radiographic Abnormality was presented. Syndrome of posttraumatic myelopathy demonstrable on MRI with no evidence of osseous injury on plain film or CT scan. Reporting of incidence was included with detailed discussion of case presentations, accurate diagnoses and triage was reviewed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – CDC Traumatic Brain Injury Data – Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, Deaths – United States, 2007 and 2013 – traumatic brain injury, short and long term adverse clinical outcomes, death and disability reviewed and compared based on CDC data over a 7 year period. Mechanism of causation including motor vehicle accidents, falls and assault. Public health recommendations and interpretation of data was presented. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – CDC Data, Trends in Emergency Department Visits for Ischemic Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack – relationship between stroke and statistical cause of death, type of stroke and prognosis related to recurrence was discussed. Specific definitions of ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack with etiology and relationship to emergency visits were outlined and presented. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Emergency Medicine – US Emergency Department Use by Children – pediatric utilization of emergency medicine resources, description of trends on a national basis. Detailed analysis of specific demographics including race and resident status were reported and reviewed. Discussion in allocation of resources including insurance class and coverage were reviewed. Anticipated expansion of Medicaid was considered and reviewed. Estimates of nonurgent ED visits by children were presented and discussed. Academy of Chiropractic, State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Anatomy and Physiology of the Blood Brain Barrier – Review of consequences of alterations in homeostatic control of the neuronal environment. Discussion of blood flow alterations and altered vessel permeability as determinants in the pathophysiology of brain injury. Review present day literature on the anatomy, development and physiological mechanisms of the blood–brain barrier. The blood brain barrier’s role in the maintenance of the extracellular environment. Vascular anatomy of the spinal cord was review in relation to the physiology of the neural environment. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Spinal Cord Anatomy, Physiology and Vascular Reactivity – detailed review of the blood supply of the spinal cord, anatomy of the vascular system and physiology of blood flow. Pathophysiology of various conditions including Thoracic Aortic Occlusion and Spinal Cord Injury were discussed with specific relation to risk of neurological deficit. Severity and duration as an effect was reviewed and correlated clinically. Cerebral circulation and aging, discussion of effects on cognitive functioning and cerebrovascular disease in aging. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Upper Cervical Spine Anatomy and Cerebral Spinal Fluid Flow – MRI flow imaging and computational fluid dynamics in healthy patients with Chiari Malformations.   Review of abnormal cerebral spinal fluid flow oscillations and their effects on healthy patients. Discussion of nonlaminar complex spatial and temporal variations with associated pressure waves and pressure gradients causing syringomyelia, headaches and other clinical manifestations in Chiari I malformation.Microsurgical anatomy and internal architecture of brainstem in 3D images and surgical considerations. CSF hydrodynamic changes, spinal cord injury and development of posttraumatic syringomyelia (PTSM). Impact of spinal cord nerve roots and denticulate ligaments on cerebral fluid dynamics in the cervical spine was reviewed and discussed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Compression and Degeneration in Chronic Nerve Root Entrapment – differentiation between peripheral nerves and spinal nerve roots and effects of electrostimulation. Discussion of various stimulating or recording neurosurgical implants and success vs failure rates. Review of the nerve root compression and its relation to consequences of disc herniation and acute compression during surgery. Maximum pressure level a spinal nerve root can sustain is reviewed. Discussion of microsurgical anatomy of lumbosacral nerve rootlets, Rhizotomy and chronic spinal cord injury. Review of qualitative grading of severity of lumbar spinal stenosis on morphology of dural sac on MRI studies, review of classification systems and the consideration of impingement of neural tissue. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Anatomy of Circle of Willis, Cerebral Arteries and Stroke Etiology – discussion of stroke by embolism, source and cause in diagnosis and long-term treatment. Review of complex nature of embolus transport and its relation to etiology. Image based hemodynamics with discrete particle dynamics in relation to the distribution of emboli across the various cerebral arteries. Detailed anatomy of Circle of Willis reviewed and discussed with particular focus on size/inertia dependent trends in embolus distribution to the brain, distribution of cardiogenic versus aortogenic emboli among anterior, middle and posterior cerebral arteries, left versus right brain preference in cardio-embolus and aortic emboli transport and source-destination relationship for embolisms affecting the brain. Detailed review of the microsurgical anatomy of the posterior cerebral artery in three-dimensional images. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Stroke Therapy, Implementation and Cost-Effectiveness – review of endovascular therapy in addition to standard care in acute ischemic vessel occlusion stroke. Comparison in National Institutes of Health Stroke Score (NIHSS) score, symptom onset, Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) and occlusion location. Considerations in acute management and revascularization of tandem occlusions in acute ischemic stroke with literature review. Discussion of Transcirculation Pipeline embolization device deployment as a rescue technique. Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Anatomy and Physiology of the Blood Brain Barrier – Review of consequences of alterations in homeostatic control of the neuronal environment. Discussion of blood flow alterations and altered vessel permeability as determinants in the pathophysiology of brain injury. Review present day literature on the anatomy, development and physiological mechanisms of the blood–brain barrier. The blood brain barrier’s role in the maintenance of the extracellular environment. Vascular anatomy of the spinal cord was review in relation to the physiology of the neural environment. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Spinal Cord Anatomy, Physiology and Vascular Reactivity – detailed review of the blood supply of the spinal cord, anatomy of the vascular system and physiology of blood flow. Pathophysiology of various conditions including Thoracic Aortic Occlusion and Spinal Cord Injury were discussed with specific relation to risk of neurological deficit. Severity and duration as an effect was reviewed and correlated clinically. Cerebral circulation and aging, discussion of effects on cognitive functioning and cerebrovascular disease in aging. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Upper Cervical Spine Anatomy and Cerebral Spinal Fluid Flow – MRI flow imaging and computational fluid dynamics in healthy patients with Chiari Malformations. Review of abnormal cerebral spinal fluid flow oscillations and their effects on healthy patients. Discussion of nonlaminar complex spatial and temporal variations with associated pressure waves and pressure gradients causing syringomyelia, headaches and other clinical manifestations in Chiari I malformation.Microsurgical anatomy and internal architecture of brainstem in 3D images and surgical considerations. CSF hydrodynamic changes, spinal cord injury and development of posttraumatic syringomyelia (PTSM). Impact of spinal cord nerve roots and denticulate ligaments on cerebral fluid dynamics in the cervical spine was reviewed and discussed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Compression and Degeneration in Chronic Nerve Root Entrapment – differentiation between peripheral nerves and spinal nerve roots and effects of electrostimulation. Discussion of various stimulating or recording neurosurgical implants and success vs failure rates. Review of the nerve root compression and its relation to consequences of disc herniation and acute compression during surgery. Maximum pressure level a spinal nerve root can sustain is reviewed. Discussion of microsurgical anatomy of lumbosacral nerve rootlets, Rhizotomy and chronic spinal cord injury. Review of qualitative grading of severity of lumbar spinal stenosis on morphology of dural sac on MRI studies, review of classification systems and the consideration of impingement of neural tissue. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Anatomy of Circle of Willis, Cerebral Arteries and Stroke Etiology – discussion of stroke by embolism, source and cause in diagnosis and long-term treatment. Review of complex nature of embolus transport and its relation to etiology. Image based hemodynamics with discrete particle dynamics in relation to the distribution of emboli across the various cerebral arteries. Detailed anatomy of Circle of Willis reviewed and discussed with particular focus on size/inertia dependent trends in embolus distribution to the brain, distribution of cardiogenic versus aortogenic emboli among anterior, middle and posterior cerebral arteries, left versus right brain preference in cardio-embolus and aortic emboli transport and source-destination relationship for embolisms affecting the brain. Detailed review of the microsurgical anatomy of the posterior cerebral artery in three-dimensional images. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Stroke Therapy, Implementation and Cost-Effectiveness – review of endovascular therapy in addition to standard care in acute ischemic vessel occlusion stroke. Comparison in National Institutes of Health Stroke Score (NIHSS) score, symptom onset, Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) and occlusion location. Considerations in acute management and revascularization of tandem occlusions in acute ischemic stroke with literature review. Discussion of Transcirculation Pipeline embolization device deployment as a rescue technique. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Surgical Approaches and Outcomes in Spine Surgery 1 – review of historical interventions, multilevel decompression and instrumented fusion in reduction of neural compression and spinal column stabilization. Discussion of morbidity and mortality in relation to surgical procedures. The use of the modified fragility index to predict 30-day morbidity and mortality from spine surgery. Differences in patient selection for minimally invasive versus open surgical procedures, and review of post-surgical outcomes. Morbidity, mortality and health care costs for patients undergoing spine surgery following ACGME resident duty-reform. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Surgical Approaches and Outcomes in Spine Surgery 2 Predisposing factors for dural tears in lumbar spine surgery including degenerative conditions, prior surgery and age related indicators were reviewed. Discussion and review of re-admission rages in spine surgery through metaanalysis and systematic review. Bibliometric study of the most important minimally invasive (MIS) spine surgery papers including Level III and IV studies with focus on moving toward Level I and Level II. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Surgical Approaches and Outcomes in Spine Surgery 1 – review of historical interventions, multilevel decompression and instrumented fusion in reduction of neural compression and spinal column stabilization. Discussion of morbidity and mortality in relation to surgical procedures. The use of the modified fragility index to predict 30-day morbidity and mortality from spine surgery. Differences in patient selection for minimally invasive versus open surgical procedures, and review of post-surgical outcomes. Morbidity, mortality and health care costs for patients undergoing spine surgery following ACGME resident duty-reform. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neurosurgery – Surgical Approaches and Outcomes in Spine Surgery 2 Predisposing factors for dural tears in lumbar spine surgery including degenerative conditions, prior surgery and age related indicators were reviewed. Discussion and review of re-admission rages in spine surgery through metaanalysis and systematic review. Bibliometric study of the most important minimally invasive (MIS) spine surgery papers including Level III and IV studies with focus on moving toward Level I and Level II. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Fusion Surgery and Lumbar Stenosis – efficacy of fusion and decompression surgery in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Review of degenerative spondylolisthesis and patient selection criteria. Discussion of correlation of MRI, CT findings and clinical evaluation. Review of sedimentation sign on MRI and indications of prognostic factors. Surgery versus nonsurgical treatment outlined and outcomes discussed. Compensation for lumbar spinal stenosis and clinical sagittal plane deformity was presented. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion and Adjacent Segment Degeneration (ASD) – adjacent segment degeneration as major consequence of spinal fusion. Review of occurrence and location with correlation between surgical outcomes were discussed.   Discussion of age, BMI and pre-existing stenosis in cranial adjacent segment as risk factors. ASD prevalence in radiographic evidence between cranial and caudal segments were reviewed. Presentation of risk factors and pre-operative radiological features.Facet sagittalization and tropism were discussed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Morbidity and Mortality Predictions in Spinal Surgery – Review of the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and the American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) Physical Status Classification System. Review of index outcomes and relation to costs of care. Discussion of index rating and likelihood of complications. Review of classification system in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) leaks. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Spondylolisthesis, clinical and radiographic classifications - classification system that considers disc space height, sagittal alignment and translation, and the absence or presence of unilateral or bilateral leg pain was discussed. Detailed review of spondylolisthesis etiology, clinical presentation and imaging findings was reviewed. Review of inter and interobserver reliabilities of radiographic and clinical criteria. Review of consensus driven treatment options for degenerative spondylolisthesis presented. Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) in degenerative disc disease with associated spondylolisthesis grade I was reviewed and correlated. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Sagittal Alignment and Spinal Surgery, Clinical Outcomes and Follow up – discussion of outcomes and sagittal alignment in single unilateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Detailed review of surgical TLIF procedure and associated mid and long-term clinical outcomes. Discussion and presentation of influence of pelvic incidents and lumbar lordosis mismatch and post-operative residual symptoms. Analysis of adjacent segment disease following fusion. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Complications and Outcomes in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery – review of surgical approaches and complications in correction of adult spinal deformity. Relevance of age, comorbidities, blood loss, osteoporosis and smoking were discussed. Discussion of Cobb Angle, Sagittal Vertical Axis, Pelvic Tilt, and Thoracic Kyphosis were reviewed and examined in relation to transpsoas lateral interbody fusion (LIF), percutaneous pedicle screw (PPS), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Comparison between minimally invasive and traditionally open procedures was provided and reviewed.   Discussion of minimally invasive surgery options were emphasized and outcomes reviewed with correlation to diagnosis and procedural coding. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Surgical Interventions in Lumbar Disc Herniation – review of differences in surgical treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation. Clinical correlation between plain film radiography, MRI studies and clinical presentation were reviewed. Data on frequency in management of recurrent lumbar intervertebral disc herniations presented. Duration of symptoms and influence of patient outcomes in sciatica patients undergoing micro-discectomy and decompressions. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Length of Stay in Lumbar Spinal Surgery – discussion on epidemiology of lumbar surgery outcomes and hospital stay. Correlation to clinical presentation and comorbidities were reviewed.   Outline of decompression and instrumental fusion in the lumbar spine. Review of costs of lumbar surgery, trends in hospital stay and costs both on a cumulative and daily basis. Comparison of the nationwide inpatient sample and national surgical quality improvement program databases for lumbar spine fusion procedures was reviewed and presented. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Pre-Surgical Planning and Implant Design – 3-D printing and surgical planning discussion a variety of historical materials in the creation of patient specific implants based on unique individual anatomy.   Historical trends in the creation of prosthetics with 3-D modeling software using neuroimaging data. Review of treatment complex spinal pathologies and surgical planning was discussed. Outline of current and future barriers to global implementation and commercialization was reviewed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Spine Surgery Procedures in Medical Specialty Training – discussion of current spine surgery training including fellowship programming in the United States. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) cases logs were reviewed and discussed. Variability of procedures within programs and between medical specialty programs were outlined. Differential utilization between orthopedic and neurosurgical fellows was reviewed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Spine Surgery – Cerebral Spinal Fluid Dynamics, Central Nervous System Pathology and Intracranial Hypotension – pathophysiology and various craniospinal disorders. Directional phase contrast MRI (4D Flow) was reviewed along with the anatomical and physiological properties of cerebral spinal fluid. Specific disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, hydrocephalus, Chiari Malformation and syringomyelia. Clinical correlation of CSF dynamics to understanding disease process was reviewed including normal and abnormal flow patterns. Recent advancements in fluid flow studies were outlined and presented. Signal intensity changes on MRI study in cervical spondylotic myelopathy was discussed and compared to normal parameters. Fluid dynamics patterns within syringomyelia and Chiari malformation was discussed and correlated to MRI findings and clinical presentations. Spinal microsurgical exploration surgery and resultant CSF leak and spontaneous intractable intracranial hypotension was reviewed and its pathoanatomical presentation outlined. Review of the natural and surgical history of Chiari malformation Type I in pediatric population and clinical correlation with MRI studies. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Wrist Anatomy and Osseous Kinematics – normal kinematics using biplanar radiographic model were reviewed. Discussion of extensive database of carpal bone anatomy and kinematics from a large number of healthy subjects. 3-D motion of each bone was calculated for each wrist position and discussed. Database constructed including high-resolution surface models, measures of bone volume and shape, and the 3-D kinematics of each segmented bone. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Normal Motion of the Shoulder and Glenohumeral Instability – normal motion of the shoulder joint compared with clinical implications of glenohumeral joint instability including surgical recommendations. Review and overview of the anatomy of the glenohumeral joint, emphasis on instability based on the current literature. Description of detailed anatomy and anatomical variants of the glenohumeral joint associated with anterior and posterior shoulder instability. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Orthopedic Testing and Shoulder Pathology Diagnosis - use of orthopedic special tests (OSTs) to diagnose shoulder pathology and clinical examination. Review OST clusters, examination of methodology and illustration of their use in arriving at a pathology-based diagnosis. Discussion of examination of the biceps tendon and clinical relevance. Review of SLAP lesion and shoulder impingement syndrome were reviewed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Electrodiagnostic Testing and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – Review of the most common mononeuropathy in the human body. Relationship between clinical findings, neurological examination and electrodiagnostic testing in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Acute and chronic symptoms including progression of the disorder were reviewed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Current Concepts in Elbow Disorders – Detailed anatomy of osseus, ligamentous and muscular structure of the elbow was reviewed. Common disease of elbow disorders and their treatment was discussed. Lateral epicondylitis and medial collateral ligament injury of the elbow were outlined. Rheumatoid arthritis, posttraumatic osteoarthritis, and elderly patients with comminuted distal humeral fractures. Surgical design and technique were outlined. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Differentiating Cervical Spine from Shoulder Pathology – anatomical review of cervical spine and glenohumeral joint focus on similarities and differences. Cervical disorders masking shoulder pain, cervical radiculopathy, cervical spondylotic myelopathy, facet and discogenic pain patterns were outlined. Details of shoulder pathology parsonage-tuner syndrome, subscapular neuropathy and thoracic outlet were presented. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – MRI of the Shoulder and Shoulder Girdle – review of MRI analysis of scapular fracture. Detailed review of scapular function rehabilitation and training on chronic pain syndromes. Reliability of magnetic resonance imaging versus arthroscopy for the diagnosis and classification of superior glenoid labrum anterior to posterior lesions. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery -Cataloging Movements of the Ankle, Hip and Spine - Review Standardization and Terminology Committee (STC) of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) and classification of joint kinematics. Standard for the local axis system in each articulating bone is generated and presented. Rationale for international standards among researchers was presented. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery -Cataloging Movements of the Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist and Hand - Review Standardization and Terminology Committee (STC) of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) and classification of joint kinematics. Standard for the local axis system in each articulating bone is generated and presented. Rationale for international standards among researchers was presented. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – MRI and Diagnosis of Shoulder Disorders – normal and abnormal shoulder anatomy as viewed on MRI was presented. Review and presentation of MRI in the diagnosis and treatment of brachial plexus injury. Discussion of preganglionic avulsions and muscular denervation. Comparison of CT myelography to MRI myelography were outlined. Enhanced three-dimensional T1 high-resolution isotropic volume excitation MR in the evaluation of shoulder pathology. Comparison with two-dimensional enhanced T1 fat saturation MRI were discussed. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Orthopedic Extremity Surgery – Clinical Evaluation of Upper and Lower Extremity Pathology – review of relevant anatomy in shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle was presented. Physical examination including orthopedic, neurological and range of motion testing was presented and compared with findings on MRI results. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – radiographic evolution of a Schmorl’s node – acute Schmorl’s node and progression to chronic stage comparison to serial MRI. Endplate fracture and acute presentation and correlation to clinical findings and pain patterns. Presentation in plain film radiograph and MRI images were compared and contrasted in both acute and chronic stages. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – syringomyelia, fluid dynamics and spinal cord motion – scoliosis curve patters and syrinx characteristics versus Chiari I malformation. Normal MRI appearance and motion artifacts related to cerebral spinal fluid motion related phenomena and common appearances on MRI imaging. Syrinx wall and fluid motion and correlation to cardiac cycle with comparison between systolic and diastolic presentations. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – Spinal Biomechanics, Thoracolumbar Deformity and Surgical Outcomes – full spine analysis, adjacent spinal biomechanics and its impact on surgical outcomes. Sagittal alignment pelvis to cervical spine and association with kyphosis and lordosis mechanical positioning. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – MRI and EMG comparison in denervated muscle diagnosis – lumbar spine pathology and age in relation to paraspinal muscle size and fatty infiltration. Fatty degeneration of paraspinal muscle in degenerative lumbar kyphosis and CT versus MRI digital analysis. Positive correlations with edema on MRI and fibrillations, positive sharp waves, denervation and the level of reduced recruitment pattern. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – association between annular tear and disc degeneration – high intensity zone (HIZ) in lumbar disc and association to annular fissure on MRI. Identification of duel HIZ and its relationship to acute inflammation and calcified tissue and its association with discogenic pain patterns. Influence of phenotype, population size and inclusion sequence. T1, T2 and STIR imaging comparison and correlation. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – degenerative cervical myelopathy – paraspinal muscle morphology, clinical symptoms and functional status. Review of fatty infiltration, asymmetry findings and correlation with clinical symptoms and functional scores. Review of complex anatomical arrangement of superficial and deep muscle layers in the cervical spine, correlation to MRI findings. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – MRI Neurography, Diffuse Tensor Imaging (DTI) – diagnostic accuracy and fiber tracking in spinal cord compression. Review of spinal cord structural integrity, peripheral neuropathy and correlation to diffuse tensor-imaging findings. Comparison in combining DTI with T2 and T2 alone and its value in magnetic resonance neurography. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology – modified Pfirrmann grading system and lumbar disc degeneration. Consensus driven description of intervertebral disc nomenclature including intervertebral disc bulge, herniation, protrusion, broad based disc herniation, extrusion and sequestration. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – MRI evaluation of intradural tumor – neuroimaging of spinal tumors andcorrelation to histological study.Determining method of choice for evaluation, review of numerous types of intradural-extramedullary masses including meningioma and schwannoma. Signal intensities, contrast enhancement patterns, presence of cysts and other key differentiation findings of spinal cord tumors. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – Spinal Cord Compression, Myelomalacia, MRI Imaging and Clinical Correlation – positional cervical spinal cord compression and fibromyalgia. T1 and T2 weighted images, comparison of hypo and hyperintense signals and extent of intramedullary changes on MRI. Review of MRI findings associated with myelomalacia and discussion of correlation with clinical findings. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – MRI Characteristics of Lumbar Facet Synovial Cyst – formation characteristics of synovial cyst, relation to degenerative changes in spinal facet joints as demonstrated on MRI. Pre and post-surgical procedural MRI were reviewed and compared. Surgical management and subsequent resection were demonstrated. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Neuroradiology – Variability in MRI Diagnostic Error Rates – in depth review of quality of MRI imaging and comparison to consistent MRI diagnosis between facilities.   Errors of interpretation in the study examinations were considered and presented. Impact of radiological diagnosis, location of MRI study and reading radiologist and impact on treatment choice and clinical outcomes. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in MRI Physics – The Hardware – magnet types including permanent, resistive and superconducting magnets. Volume RF, surface, quadrature and phase array coils and other hardware necessary for the generation of MRI imaging. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in MRI Physics – Physics of Image Generation 1 – magnetization, excitation, relaxion, acquisition, computing and display. T1 relaxion and relaxation curves, T2 relaxation, phase and phase coherence, T2 relaxion curves. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in MRI Physics – Physics of Image Generation 2 – gradient coils, signal coding including slice encoding gradient, phase encoding gradient, Frequency encoding gradient. Gradient specifications and slice thickness. Filling k-space, k-space symmetry and k-space filling technique.   Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in MRI Physics – Physics of Image Generation 3 – pulse sequences, spine echo sequences including multi-slicing and multi-echo sequencing. T1, T2, proton density contrast and their applications. Turbo spine echo, fast advanced spine echo (HASTE) sequence and gradient echo sequence. Inversion recovery sequence including STIR and FLAIR sequence. Choosing the right sequence pros and cons, T1, T2 and PD parameters. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in MRI Physics – Physics of Image Generation – technical parameters and artifacts – repetition time, echo time, flip angle, inversion time, number of acquisitions, matric and field of view. Slice thickness, slice gap, phase encoding direction 1 and direction 2 and relation to bandwidth. Motion artifact, para-magnetic artifact, phase wrap artifact, susceptibility artifact, clipping artifact, spine and zebra artifacts. Effects on image quality and acquisition. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Growth of Interventional Pain Management Techniques and Current Trends in Pharmacological Management of Neuropathic Pain. ESI comparison to gabapentin in lumbosacral radicular pain – current trends and future progress of pain management interventions. Mode of action, required dosage, advantages and side effects profiles of currently available pharmacological approaches. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Therapeutic Effects of Spinal Injection Therapy - Facet, medial branch blocks, prolotherapy and epidural interventions utilization within the Medicare population, effectiveness on lumbar central canal stenosis with and without steroids and effect on prevention of spinal surgery, herniated disc, fibromyalgia and chronic musculoskeletal pain.   Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Adverse Events Associated with Injection Therapy – transforaminal and interlaminar epidural steroid injections, anesthesia technical considerations, effects on cervical radiculopathy midline versus paramedian approaches and perineurial injection of autologous conditioned serum. Review of FDA risk assessment. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Correlation of MRI Findings and Injection Outcomes - MODIC Changes on MRI and effectiveness of facet injection, facet joint signal change on MRI with fat suppression comparison with SPECT/CT. Discussion of Modic 1, 2 and 3 with correlation of clinical outcomes and patient selection criteria. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Therapeutic Effects of Botulinum Toxin and Dry-Needling in Myofascial Pain Syndrome – cost effectiveness, patient response and triage of therapeutic interventions. Physiological review of trigger point etiology and clinical presentation of acute and chronic pain. Functional response of intervention including relief and recurrence. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

 

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Systematic Review Technical Considerations in Cervical Epidural Analgesia - Chemical blockage of cervical nerve roots, review of anatomical structures and correlation with MRI imaging. Blockage effects on the respiratory, circulatory and neurological systems. Review of cervical epidural space (CES) borders and variants in patient population. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Trends in opioid analgesic abuse and mortality in the USA, Evaluation of Opioid Pain Management in Injured Children, assessment of opioid reporting in Veteran Affairs – Emergency visitation in pediatric injury, pain management and adoption of best practices. Trends in use of prescription opioid medication using RADARS (Research Abuse, Diversion and Addiction Related Surveillance System), comparison between legitimate pharmacy channels and diversion and abuse. Opioid use prevalence and incidents in Veteran Affairs, new prescriptions or long-term conversion and relationship to persistent growth in opioid use. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Electrodiagnostic Testing, Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection, Intra-articular Facet Joint Injection, Spinal Manipulation Post-Epidural Injection– Needle EMG, active versus chronic denervation in lumbar, cervical spinal pathologies and differential diagnosis of spinal stenosis and intervertebral disc herniation. Systematic review of facet joint injections, clinical trials and conservative therapy in lower back pain. Results of spinal manipulation post-epidural injection in the cervical spine. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Radiofrequency Ablation and outcome measures - medication, function and pain in relation to pain of spinal origin. Medial Branch Block as prognostic tool prior to lumbar facet radiofrequency denervation. Clinical comparison disc herniation, disc bulge, cervical and lumbar radiculopathy. Diagnosis and patient triage correlation to anatomical spine structures. Long, short term risk factors and outcomes in radiofrequency ablation.   Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Specialty Research in Pain Management – Clinical and Procedural – Role of Cannabinoids in Pain Management – review of pharmacological, botanical or synthetic origins of cannabinoids. Mechanism of action in alleviation of pain including analgesic, anti-inflammatory effects, modular actions on neurotransmitters and interactions with prescribed or endogenous opioids. Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine, 2019.

Clinical Grand Rounds – Traumatic Cervical Disc Herniation with Pre-existing Cervical Spinal Fusion – a case review of traumatically induced multi-level cervical disc herniation with below a pre-existing spinal fusion.  Review of case history, physical examination findings, plain film radiographs, cervical spine MRI with particular attention paid to osteophyte and modic changes.  Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed focusing on acute versus chronic spinal injury.  Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019

Traumatic Brain Injury and Concussion Overview: This section is an in-depth overview of traumatic brain injury in concussion. It discusses that all brain injuries are traumatic and dispels the myth of a “mild traumatic brain injury.” Also, this covers triage protocols and the potential sequela of patients with traumatic brain injuries. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Head Trauma and Traumatic Brain Injury Part 1: This section discusses gross traumatic brain injuries from trauma and significant bleeding with both epidural and subdural hematomas. There are numerous case studies reviewed inclusive of neurosurgical intervention and postsurgical outcomes. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Head Trauma and Traumatic Brain Injury Part 2: This section continues with multiple case studies of gross traumatic brain injuries from trauma requiring neurosurgical intervention and also discusses recovery sequela based upon the significance of brain trauma. This module also concludes with concussion protocols in traumatic brain injury short of demonstrable bleeding on advanced imaging. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Concussion and Electroencephalogram Testing: This this section covers concussion etiology and cognitive sequela where gross bleeding has not been identified on advanced imaging. It discusses the significance of electroencephalogram testing in determining brain function and pathology (if present). This module also covers the understanding of waveforms in electroencephalogram testing in both normal and abnormal scenarios. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Concussion and Electroencephalogram Testing Pathological Results: This module covers amplitude, conduction and conduction delays as sequela to traumatic brain injury to diagnose concussion and traumatic brain injury in the absence of gross bleeding and advanced imaging. This section covers electroencephalograms and event-related potentials which measures the brain response that is a direct result of specific sensory or motor events. It is a stereotype electrophysiological response to a stimulus and provides a noninvasive means of evaluating brain function. In this module multiple case studies are discussed with ensuing triage protocols pending the results. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Clinical Grand Rounds – Differentiating Pre-existing vs Causally Related Spinal Injury using MRI – case review of traumatic injury to the cervical spine with underlying pre-existing traumatic injuries. Physical examination, neurological and orthopedic testing was clinically correlated to mechanism of injury, plain film radiographs and MRI studies. Comparison of T1, T2 and STIR views were reviewed in relation to intervertebral disc bulge, intervertebral disc herniation, Modic 1, Modic 2 and Modic 3 changes. Comparative review of causally related versus pre-existing changes was demonstrated. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019

Clinical Grand Rounds – Compensatory Lower Back Pain Due to T2 Biomechanical Pathology – case review of spinal biomechanical engineering study in the care plan of non-responsive lower back pain. A review of medical care plan, epidural steroid injections and past medical history. Patient centered approach to full spine assessment in non-responsive chronic lower back pain with associated primary spinal mechanical lesion identified in upper thoracic spine. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY 2019

Clinical Grand Rounds – Thoracic Intervertebral Disc Herniation with Subsequent Four Level Spinal Fusion T6-T10 – case review of multilevel intervertebral disc herniations in the thoracic spine with clinical correlation to mechanism of injury, physical examination findings, neurological examination and range of motion analysis.  Differential diagnosis of facet syndrome, thoracic radiculopathy and discogenic pain including structural innervation of surrounding tissues and intervertebral discs with referral pattern was reviewed and discussed.  Subsequent failure of chiropractic care and rehabilitation leading to multilevel thoracic spinal fusion was demonstrated and reviewed.  Plain film radiographs and MRI evaluation of the thoracic spine sagittal and axial images in T1, T2 and STIR was demonstrated and clinically correlated to objective findings and subjective complaints. Interprofessional referral and documentation was outlined and discussed. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY 2019.

Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Anatomy and Physiology of Electrodiagnostics: An in-depth review of basic neuroanatomy and physiology dermatomes and myotomes to both the upper and lower extremities and the neurophysiology of axons and dendrites along with the myelin and function of saltatory for conduction. The sodium and potassium pump’s function in action potentials. ACCGME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Part 1: Nerve conduction velocity testing, the equipment required, and the specifics of motor and sensory testing. This section covers the motor and sensory NCV procedures and interpretation, including latency, amplitude (CMAP) physiology and interpretation, including the understanding of the various nuances of the waveforms. , Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Part 2: Compound motor action potentials (CMAP) and sensory nerve action potentials (SNAP) testing and interpretation, including the analysis and diagnosis of the waveforms. It also covers compressive neuropathies of the median, ulnar and posterior tibial nerves; known as carpal tunnel, cubital tunnel and tarsal tunnel syndromes. This section offers interpretation algorithms to help understand neurodiagnostic conclusions. ACCGME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Needle Electromyogram (EMG) Studies: The EMG process, inclusive of how the test is performed and the steps required in planning and electromyographic study. This covers the spontaneous activity of a motor unit action potential, positive sharp waves and fibrillations. The insertional activity (both normal and abnormal), recruitment activity in broad polyphasic presentation and satellite potentials. This covers the diagnosing of patterns of motor unit abnormalities including neuropathic demyelinated neuropathies along with acute myopathic neuropathies. This section also covers the ruling out of false positive and false negative results. ACCGME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Overview of EMG and NCV Procedures, Results, Diagnoses and Documentation. The clinical incorporation of electrodiagnostic studies as part of a care plan where neuropathology is suspected. It also covers how to use electrodiagnostics in a collaborative environment between the chiropractor as the primary spine care provider and the surgeon, when clinically indicated. This section covers sample cases and concludes accurate treatment plans based upon electro-neurodiagnostic findings when clinically indicated. Cleveland University, ACCGME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Documentation, Carrier Mandates and How to Guide Emergency Room and Lawyer Referrals, Documenting electrodiagnostics, concussion and disc pathology as reflective of clinical findings when collaborating with medical specialists in private practice and hospital settings or in the medical-legal arena. Ensuring complete documentation in the evaluation and management process for both the initial and re-evaluation processes. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Documenting & Credentials in Collaborative Health Care, History, past history, risk factors and review of systems in developing a differential diagnosis. The clinical correlation of clinical evaluation, advanced imaging and necessary electrodiagnostics in concluding and accurate diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan and indications for collaborative care, Academy of Chiropractic, PACE Approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University, Kansas City Chiropractic and Health Sciences, 2019

Clinical Grand Rounds – Traumatic Cervical Disc Herniation and Associated Sternum Fracture – a case review of traumatically induced multi-level cervical disc herniation with associated Grade 2 Ligament Injury rated as sub-threshold. Review of case history, physical examination findings, plain film radiographs, cervical spine MRI and bone scan. Radiographic analysis and objectification of grade 2 sprain was presented and its correlation to the AMA Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment 5th edition was reviewed. Review of the purpose, function and positive findings on bone scan was reviewed and demonstrated using patient’s fractured sternum. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY 2019

Clinical Grand Rounds – Traumatic Disc Bulge and Associated Grade 2 Ligament Injury – a case review of traumatically induced cervical spine traumatic bulge of the intervertebral disc with concomitant grade 2 ligament injury was presented. Detailed anatomy and morphological presentation of normal and degenerative intervertebral disc presentation was demonstrated and reviewed. Review of morphological differences between disc bulge, disc herniation and disc protrusion was presented. Grade 1, Grade 2 and Grade 3 ligamentous sprains were reviewed and discussed. Radiographic analysis and objectification of grade 2 sprain was presented and its correlation to the AMA Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment 5th edition was reviewed. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019

Evaluation and Management, an overview of the evaluation and management process inclusive of utilizing electronic medical records to conclude evidenced-based conclusions with the utilization of macros. The importance of adhering to an academic standard and considering co-morbidities. Cleveland University, Kansas City, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Evaluation and Management, concluding a chief complaint, history and what needs to be considered in a physical examination. This covers in depth the required elements for chief complain, history of present illness, review of systems, and past, family, and/or social history. This module also covers the following components of a physical examination: observation, palpation, percussion, and auscultation. Cleveland University, Kansas City, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Evaluation and Management, Coding and Spinal Examination: Detailing 99202-99205 and 99212-99215 inclusive of required elements for compliant billing. It reviews the elements for an extensive review of systems, cervical and lumbar anatomy and basic testing. The course also covers the basics of vertebra-basilar circulation orthopedic assessment. Cleveland University, Kansas City, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Evaluation and Management, Neurological Evaluation: Reviewing complete motor and sensory evaluation inclusive of reflex arcs with an explanation of Wexler Scales in both the upper and lower extremities. The course breaks down testing for upper and lower motor neuron lesions along with upper and lower extremity motor and sensory testing examinations. Cleveland University, Kansas City, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Evaluation and Management, Documenting Visit Encounters: Forensically detailing the S.O.A.P. note process for visit encounters and discussing the necessity for clinically correlating symptoms, clinical findings and diagnosis with the area(s) treated. It also details how to modify treatment plans, diagnosis, document collaborative care and introduce test findings between evaluations.

Cleveland University, Kansas City, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Evaluation and Management, Case Management and Treatment Orders: This module discusses how to document a clinically determined treatment plan inclusive of both manual and adjunctive therapies. It discusses how to document both short-term and long-term goals as well as referring out for collaborative care and/or diagnostic testing.  It also includes how to prognose your patient and determine when MMI (Maximum Medical Improvement) has been attained. Cleveland University, Kansas City, PACE Recognized by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2019

Clinical Grand Rounds – 14 mm Cervical Disc Herniation with Spinal Cord Compression – A case review of traumatically induced 14 mmm acute cervical intervertebral disc extrusions with inferior migration resulting in severe right lateral canal stenosis, foraminal stenosis and spinal cord impingement. A detailed review of physical examination findings, neurological evaluation, MRI images and surgical triage was presented. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019.

Forensic Documentation-Report Writing, Report writing in a medical-legal case inclusive of causality, bodily injury, persistent functional loss and restrictive sequela from trauma. Demonstratively documenting bodily injury utilizing models, graphs and patient image of x-ray and advanced imaging. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, April 1, 2019.

Forensic Documentation- Demonstrative Documentation, demonstratively reporting spinal biomechanical failure and spinal compensation. How in a medical-legal environment to ethically report pre-existing injuries vs causally related current injuries and what is permissible in a legal proceeding. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, April 1, 2019.

Forensic Documentation- Reporting Direct Opinions, Causality, bodily injury and persistent functional losses documented and reported in a medical-legal environment as your direct opinion. Avoiding hearsay issues to ensure ethical relationships. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, April 1, 2019.

Forensic Documentation- Initial, Final and Collaborative Reporting, preparing demonstrative documentation in a medical-legal case ensuring that you are familiar with all other treating doctor’s reports. Correlating your initial and evaluation and management (E&M) report and your follow-up E&M reports with the narrative upon maximum medical improvement documenting continuum of care. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, April 1, 2019.

Forensic Documentation- Qualifications and Preparation of Documentation, how to prepare your documentation for courtroom testimony and ensuring your qualifications are documented properly on an admissible, professional curriculum vitae. How to include indexed peer-reviewed literature in medical-legal documentation, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, April 1, 2019.

Forensic Documentation- Reporting Patient History and Credentials, preparing patient history in a medical-legal case based upon your initial intake forms and understanding the work, social, academic, household and social activities of your patient. Understanding and explaining your doctoral and post-doctoral credentials in the courtroom. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, April 1, 2019.

Forensic Documentation- Reporting Chiropractic Care and Injured Anatomy, preparing demonstrative documentation in a medical-legal case to report the bodily injuries of your patients, inclusive of loss of function and permanent tissue pathology. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, April 1, 2019.

Forensic Documentation- Reporting Temporary vs. Permanent Issues, preparing documentation in a medical-legal case ensuring that you can communicate permanent vs. temporary functional losses and permanent vs. temporary tissue pathology. How to maintain and explain ethical relationships in medical-legal cases, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, April 1, 2019.

Forensic Documentation- Reporting Bodily Injury, how to report bodily injury and functional losses as supported by your credentials in a medical-legal case. Clinically correlating causality and permanent tissue pathology as sequela to trauma, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, April 1, 2019.

Forensic Documentation- Record Review and Documentation Reporting, how to report records of collaborative treating doctors and communicating your scope of practice in the management of your case. How to ethically report your role as a doctor in medical-legal cases, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, April 1, 2019.

Clinical Grand Rounds – Interprofessional Management of Cervical Instability and Traumatic Brain Injury, Case review of traumatically induced cervical spine grade 2 ligament tear with associated underlying degenerative disc disease and traumatic brain injury. MRI review and discussion of axonal shearing findings on advanced imaging, evidenced based triage to neurology concussion clinic and documentation. Clinical correlation to pre-existing electrodiagnostic evidence. Surgical co-management of anatomical and biomechanical pathology with post-op follow up, focus on interprofessional communication. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019

Connective Tissue Pathology, Spinal Biomechanics as Sequella to Trauma, MRI Spine Interpretation, Ordering Protocols & Triaging the Injure, The latest research on the 6 ways to age-date disc herniations and bulges from trauma inclusive of disc pathology nomenclature. MRI ordering protocols, inclusive of Dixon format and fat-suppressed images. The neurology and pathology of connective tissue and the sequella of trauma at the biomechanical level leading to bio-neuro-mechanical failure. Contemporary "evidenced-based building blocks" for triaging and in a collaborative environment. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2018

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Digitizing, integrating automated mensuration into creating treatment plans and determining maximum medical improvement. A literature-based study of normal vs. abnormal motor until function. Determining ligamentous laxity, alteration of motion segment integrity and pathological stress units and whole person impairments based upon the literature and academic standards, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2018

Clinical Grand Rounds – Biomechanical Pathology Secondary to Cervical Fusion, Case review of traumatically induced cervical and lumbar spine. Prior cervical fusion C4-7 with review of plain film radiographs, MRI studies and neurological evaluation. Biomechanical assessment revealed significant compensation in lumbar spine secondary to cervical disc herniation and grade 2 ligament injury above the prior fusion. Modic 2 changes on lumbar spine MRI. Care plan, interprofessional documentation and patient centered education. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019

Clinical Grand Rounds, Traumatically Induced Biomechanical Pathology with Secondary Underlying Multi-Level Cervical Intervertebral Disc Herniation – Case review of traumatically induced biomechanical pathology in the cervical spine in the absence of pre-existing degenerative change and ligament laxity. Review of underlying multi-level acute intervertebral disc herniation and clinical correlation to patient presentation. T1, T2 and STIR MRI review of acute intervertebral disc herniation in both sagittal and axial planes outlining correlation to radiologist report and electrodiagnostic findings. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019

Science of the Chiropractic Spinal Adjustment and Vertebral Subluxation, the literature-based definitions of both the mechanisms the chiropractic adjustment and how it affects the central nervous system in pain pathways and systemic issues that is the arbiter for normal vs. abnormal function. The "physiological mechanisms" of how the chiropractic spinal adjustment affects the peripheral and central nervous systems. Subluxation degeneration/Wolff's Law will be detailed from a literature perspective combined with the mechanism of subluxation (bio-neuro-mechanical lesion). A literature perspective why "long-term" chiropractic care is clinically indicated as usual and customary to effectuate demonstrable biomechanical changes in the spine. An evidenced-based perspective of why physical therapy is a poor choice for spine as a 1st referral option for any provider inclusive of the literature. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2018

Documentation, Collaboration, and Primary Spine Care, an academic basis for documentation that is usual and customary across professions in collaborative care. Maintaining ethical medical-legal relationships based upon Voir Dire and Daubert standards with ensuring a "4-corners" inclusive report. Ensuring Primary Care Status based upon academic standards. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2018

Clinical Grand Rounds, Traumatically Induced Biomechanical Pathology with Secondary Underlying Multi-Level Cervical Intervertebral Disc Herniation – Case review of traumatically induced biomechanical pathology in the cervical spine in the absence of pre-existing degenerative change and ligament laxity. Review of underlying multi-level acute intervertebral disc herniation and clinical correlation to patient presentation. T1, T2 and STIR MRI review of acute intervertebral disc herniation in both sagittal and axial planes outlining correlation to radiologist report and electrodiagnostic findings. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019

Clinical Grand Rounds – Biomechanical Pathology Secondary to Cervical Fusion, Case review of traumatically induced cervical and lumbar spine. Prior cervical fusion C4-7 with review of plain film radiographs, MRI studies and neurological evaluation. Biomechanical assessment revealed significant compensation in lumbar spine secondary to cervical disc herniation and grade 2 ligament injury above the prior fusion. Modic 2 changes on lumbar spine MRI. Care plan, interprofessional documentation and patient centered education. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019

Clinical Grand Rounds – Traumatically Induced Cervical Central Canal Stenosis a case review of traumatically induced acute cervical intervertebral disc extrusion with superior migration resulting in severe central canal stenosis and spinal cord impingement. A detailed review of physical examination findings, neurological evaluation, MRI images and surgical triage. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019

Fellowship in Spinal Biomechanics and Trauma, Cleveland University College of Chiropractic, Kansas City, Missouri, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2018

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Analysis, Understanding spinal motor units as it relates to the Cartesian system and normal vs. pathological movement. Analyzing normal coupling functions of the spine in relations to gait and pelvic biomechanical function and determining stress units and standards of deviation of segmental dysfunction. Interpreting mensuration lines and block analysis beyond standards of deviation in spinal motor dysfunction about connective tissue failure.  Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2018

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Pathology and Clinical Application, Integrating pathological function based upon the Cartesian system and digital mensuration in developing treatment plans with diagnosed connective tissue failures. Diagnosing corrective vs. clinical management scenarios when considering maximum medical improvement in both the chronic and acute, insidious and traumatically induced patient. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2018

Pain Management, Large and Small Nerve Fiber Electrodiagnostic Exams, Correlation to Radiographic and MRI Imaging Examinations The neurology and pathology of neural tissue and the sequella of trauma at the biomechanical level leading to bio-neuro-mechanical failure. American Association of Sensory Electrodiagnostic Medicine, ACCME, Little Rock Arkansas 2018.

Clinical Applications of Electrodiagnostic Exams of Upper and Lower Extremities utilizing Small Pain Fiber Nerve Conduction Exams. Utilizing Small Pain Fiber Testing to identify the source of chronic spinal and peripheral pain.  Contemporary research on anatomy and physiology of pain fibers. American Association of Sensory Electrodiagnostic Medicine, ACCME, Little Rock Arkansas 2018.

Contemporary Approaches to non-invasive pain management, Low back neurologic and orthopedic examinations. Pain neurophysiology, Pharmaceutical approaches to pain management, Electrotherapeutic pain management techniques. Fibromyalgia and small nerve fiber electrodiagnostic exams.  American Association of Sensory Electrodiagnostic Medicine, ACCME, Little Rock Arkansas 2018.

Small Pain Fiber Nerve Conduction Exam testing protocols and demonstration of clinical competency. American Association of Sensory Electrodiagnostic Medicine, ACCME, Little Rock Arkansas 2018.

Connective Tissue Pathology, Spinal Biomechanics as Sequella to Trauma, MRI Spine Interpretation, Ordering Protocols & Triaging the Injured, The latest research on the 6 ways to age-date disc herniations and bulges from trauma inclusive of disc pathology nomenclature. MRI ordering protocols, inclusive of Dixon format and fat-suppressed images. The neurology and pathology of connective tissue and the sequella of trauma at the biomechanical level leading to bio-neuro-mechanical failure. Contemporary evidenced-based building blocks for triaging and in a collaborative environment. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2018

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Digitizing, integrating automated mensuration into creating treatment plans and determining maximum medical improvement. A literature-based study of normal vs. abnormal motor until function. Determining ligamentous laxity, alteration of motion segment integrity and pathological stress units and whole person impairments based upon the literature and academic standards, Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2018

Science of the Chiropractic Spinal Adjustment and Vertebral Subluxation, The literature-based definitions of both the mechanisms the chiropractic adjustment and how it affects the central nervous system in pain pathways and systemic issues that is the arbiter for normal vs. abnormal function. The physiological mechanisms of how the chiropractic spinal adjustment affects the peripheral and central nervous systems. Subluxation degeneration/Wolffs Law will be detailed from a literature perspective combined with the mechanism of subluxation (bio-neuro-mechanical lesion). A literature perspective why long-term chiropractic care is clinically indicated as usual and customary to effectuate demonstrable biomechanical changes in the spine. An evidenced-based perspective of why physical therapy is a poor choice for spine as a 1st referral option for any provider inclusive of the literature. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2018

Documentation, Collaboration, and Primary Spine Care, An academic basis for documentation that is usual and customary across professions in collaborative care. Maintaining ethical medical-legal relationships based upon Voir Dire and Duabert standards with ensuring an inclusive report. Ensuring Primary Care Status based upon an academic standard. Cleveland University Kansas City, Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2018

Accident Reconstruction: Terms, Concepts and Definitions, The forces in physics that prevail in accidents to cause bodily injury. Quantifying the force coefficients of vehicle mass and force vectors that can be translated to the occupant and subsequently cause serious injury. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2018

Accident Reconstruction: Causality, Bodily Injury, Negative Acceleration Forces, Crumple Zones and Critical Documentation, Factors that cause negative acceleration to zero and the subsequent forces created for the vehicle that get translated to the occupant. Understanding critical documentation of hospitals, ambulance reports, doctors and the legal profession in reconstructing an accident. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2018

Accident Reconstruction: Skid Marks, Time, Distance, Velocity, Speed Formulas and Road Surfaces, The mathematical calculations necessary utilizing time, distance, speed, coefficients of friction and acceleration in reconstructing an accident. The application of the critical documentation acquired from an accident site. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2018

Accident Reconstruction: Research, Causality and Bodily Injury, Delta V issues correlated to injury and mortality, side impact crashes and severity of injuries, event data recorder reports correlated to injury, frontal impact kinematics, crash injury metrics with many variables and inquiries related to head restraints. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Causality and Bodily Injury, Delta V issues correlated to injury and mortality, side impact crashes and severity of injuries, event data recorder reports correlated to injury, frontal impact kinematics, crash injury metrics with many variables and inquiries related to head restraints.

Documenting Trauma and Non-Trauma Cases & Triaging Disc Pathology, Triage, care and collaboration for herniated, bulged, protruded, extruded and fragmented spinal discs. Compliant documentation of evaluation and management of new and established patients inclusive of chief complaint, history of present illness, review of systems, past-family-social histories with case management protocols and the required elements. Clinically coordinating treatment with subjective complaints, clinical findings and diagnosis for each encounter. Cleveland University-Kansas City Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2018

Triage and Management of the Trauma and Non-Trauma Patient, differentially diagnosing spinal issues in the trauma and non-trauma patient inclusive of spinal disc pathology utilizing x-ray, MRI, CAT Scan and clinical evaluations. Collaborative triaging protocols with neurologists, neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, pain management and primary medical care providers with both mechanical and anatomical spinal pathologies. Academy of Chiropractic, Cleveland University - Kansas City Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Long Island, NY, 2018

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Legal Testimony, Report writing for legal cases, the 4 corners of a narrative and documenting damages with understanding defense medical documentation and consistent reporting of bodily injuries. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2018 

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Legal Testimony, Part 2, Understanding report writing and the types of medical reports required for court inclusive of diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plans with requirements of reporting causality and permanency. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2018 

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony, Organizing your documentation and understanding all collaborative documentation and how it fits into your diagnosis, prognosis and treatment planUnderstanding the nuances of the functional losses of your patients related to their bodily injuries, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division.  Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2018 

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony Part 2, Utilizing demonstrative documentation in direct examination and communicating the results of your care concurrently with the written documentation and reporting an accurate diagnosis for all images. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2018 

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony Part 3, The evaluation, interpretation and reporting of collaborative medical specialists results and concluding an accurate diagnosis inclusive of all findings and reviewing all images to ensure an accurate diagnosis. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2018 

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony Part 4, Determining and documenting disabilities and impairments inclusive of loss of enjoyment of life and duties under duress and the evaluation and validation of pain and suffering. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2018 

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Cross Examination Testimony, Reporting your documentation factually and staying within the 4 corners of your medical report and scope of practice inclusive of understanding how your credentials allow you to report your documentation. Academy of

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Report Writing and Preparing for a Legal Case, Reviewing the facts of the case inclusive of your documentation, the defense medical examiner, medical specialists and the attorney to ensure accurate and consistent reporting. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral

Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2018 

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Report Writing and Preparing for a Legal Case, Creating demonstrative evidence, visuals of your patient's bodily injuries inclusive of x-rays, MRI's, CAT Scans and electrodiagnostic findings, the spinal biomechanics of herniated disc with ipsilateral findings and contralateral symptomatology.  Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2018 

Evidenced Based Care in a Collaborative Setting; Primary Spine Care 5, A literature-based model for collaborating with hospitals, medical primary care providers and specialists. Reviewing the documentation requirements to communicate the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plans with medical entities and having the evidence as a basis for those recommendations, Academy ofChiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, PACE Approved for theFederation ofChiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University- Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island NY 2018

Current Literature Standards of MRI Spine Interpretation: Primary Spine Care 5, MRI, How to triage a trauma and non-trauma with advanced imaging and document the necessity. We will also cover the basics of MRI Spine Interpretation inclusive of all types of herniations, bulges, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, PACE Approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University- Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island NY 2018

Spine Brain Connection in Pain Pathways; Primary Spine Care 5, MRI Spine The spine-brain connection in managing chronic pain patients. Understanding how chronic pain negatively effects brain morphology and potential pathology as sequella. The role of chiropractic in preventing the loss of gray matter and the most recent evidence as outlined in indexed peer reviewed literature over the last 10 years verifying chiropractic’s role, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, PACE Approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University- Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island NY 2018

Bio-Neuro-Mechanical Mechanism of the Chiropractic Spinal Adjustment; Primary Spine Care 5, The biological, neurological and mechanical mechanisms and pathways from the thrust to the lateral horn and brain connection and how the brain processes the chiropractic spinal adjustment based upon the literature. Care paths of chiropractic and physical therapy from an outcome basisAcademy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, PACE Approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University- Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island NY 2018

MRI Spine Interpretation and Spinal Biomechanics, Bulging, herniated, protruded and extruded disc contemporary nomenclature, analysis and differential diagnosis. Connective tissue physiology and pathology with aberrant biomechanical permanent sequelae, Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic, Melville NY, 2017

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, A Documentation Relationship Between the Doctor and Lawyer, The level of organization required in a medical-legal case that accurately reflects the bodily injuries of your patients and the time constraints in rendering an accurate report. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2018 

Contemporary Literature in Spinal Biomechanics, Normal vs. pathological biomechanical spinal motion both in a single motor unit and coupling actions. Interdisciplinary approach to mechanical spine issues and evidenced based care paths, Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic, Melville NY, 2017

Documentation of Spinal Trauma, Interdisciplinary approaches in documentation of spinal related injuries inclusive of connective tissue disorders and biomechanical failure. Clinically correlating history, imaging, advanced imaging and clinical findings to conclude an accurate diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan, Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic, Melville NY, 2017

Contemporary Literature of the Chiropractic Spinal Adjustment, The bio-neuro-mechanical scientific foundation of spinal lesion and the neurological pathways, both in the lower and upper motor neuron pathways. The autonomic sequella of the vertebral subluxation and the effects of the correction and maintenance of those lesions, Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic, Melville NY, 2017

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Analysis, Normal vs. abnormal coupling motions in a mechanical model utilizing engineering principles in a predictive model. Applying the Cartesian nomenclature to normal and pathological sequella of human spine, PACE approved for the Federation of Chiropractic licensure Boards, Melville, NY 2017.

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Clinical Application, Creating treatment plans based upon predictive models in determining what is corrective vs. management of pathological spinal biomechanical behavior, PACE approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensure Boards, Melville, NY 017

Connective Tissue Spinal Disc Permanent Pathology, Primary Spine Care, Herniated, bulged, protruded and extruded discs, etiology and morphology. Age-dating disc pathology inclusive of Modic changes, piezoelectric effect, Wolff’s Law and radicular clinical presentation, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Texas Chiropractic College, Long Island NY 2017

Connective Tissue Pathology and Research, Primary Spine Care, Utilization in spinal models considering the opioid abuse and various spinal models in contemporary health care. Care paths for mechanical spine pain and the evidence for conservative chiropractic care, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Texas Chiropractic College, Long Island NY 2017

Bio-Neuro-Mechanical Lesions and Spine Care, Primary Spine Care, Mechanoreceptor, proprioceptor, nociceptor innervation and control of the spinal system with central nervous system action and interaction. The integration of the pain processing network and the HPA Axis (hypothalamus, adrenal and pituitary) with the chiropractic spinal adjustment, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Texas Chiropractic College, Long Island NY 2017

Ethics, Documentation and Research, Primary Spine Care, Maintaining ethical Interprofessional relationships based upon an evidenced based practice inclusive of triage, diagnostics and reporting. Creating thorough documentation that reflects your complete findings encompassing descriptive ICD-10 codes and concludes the presence or absence of pathology. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Texas Chiropractic College, Long Island NY 2017

Stroke Anatomy and Physiology: Brain Vascular Anatomy, The anatomy and physiology of the brain and how blood perfusion effects brain function. A detailed analysis of the blood supply to the brain and the physiology of ischemia. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine andBiomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2017

Stroke Anatomy and Physiology: Stroke Types and Blood Flow, Various types of stroke identifying ischemia, hypoperfusion, infarct and penumbra zones and emboli. Cardiac etiologies and clinical features as precursor to stroke with associated paradoxical emboli and thrombotic etiologies. Historical and co-morbidities that have etiology instroke inclusive of diabetes, coagulopathy, acquired and hereditary deficiencies. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2017

Stroke Principles of Treatment an Overview for the Primary Care Provider, Stroke type and treatments performed by vascular specialists. The goals of treatment with the physiology of the infarct and penumbra zones and the role of immediate triage in the primary care setting. Detailing the complications of stroke and future care in the chiropractic, primary care or manual medicine clinical setting. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2017

Clinical Evaluation and Protocols for Identifying Stroke Risk, The neurological history and examination for identifying stroke risks with a focus on supra and infratentorial regions, upper and lower motor lesions, cranial nerve signs, spinal cord pathology, motor and sensory pathology and gait abnormalities. Examining genetic and family histories along with dissection risk factors. Stroke orthopedic testing and clinical guidelines pertaining to triage for the primary care provider. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2017

Primary Spine Care Symposium 3- Connective Tissue and Spinal Disc Pathology, The morphology and pathology of connective tissue, inclusive of spinal disc disorders and prognosticating wound repair with permanency implications. Disc bulge, herniation, protrusion and extrusion classifications based upon contemporary literature and how to age-date disc pathology, Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville NY 2017

Primary Spine Care Symposium 3- Physiology and Anatomy of Spinal Manual Adjusting, Understanding the role of mechanoreceptors, proprioceptors and nociceptors with facets, ligaments, tendons and muscles in aberrant spinal biomechanics. MRI and imaging studies of decompressing via a chiropractic spinal adjustment of the bio-neuro-mechanical lesion and its effects on the central nervous system both reflexively and supratentorally, Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville NY 2017

Primary Spine Care Symposium 3- Medical-Legal Documentation, The contemporary documentation required in a medical-legal environment that is evidenced based and meets the standards of the courts and academia. Utilizing the scientific data to support a diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan while meeting the admissibility standards based upon a professional’s credentials. Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville NY 2017

Primary Spine Care Symposium 3 – Epidemiology of Spine Pain, Review of the current Centers for Disease Control [CDC} data on the frequency of musculoskeletal pain in the United States population with emphasis on pain of spinal origin.  CDC guidelines on opioid medication were discussed and correlated to persistent pain syndromes.  Research was reviewed showing the importance of managing the spine pain patient properly from the entry point of care with a concentration on maintenance of spinal biomechanics, Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville NY 2017

Primary Spine Care Symposium 3 – Interprofessional Spine Care, Clinical analysis of anatomic versus biomechanical spine pain and clinical triage protocols.  Relating current research trends in the Whole Spine Model of patient including normal versus abnormal sagittal curvature in the adolescent and adult spine, pelvic incidence as a parameter for sagittal balance in the human spine and current methods of assessment. Patient centered approach to Evidenced Based Spine care with a focus on diagnosis, prognosis and triage of the spine pain patient, Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville NY 2017

Do Opioids Effectively Treat Low Back Pain? The utilization of opioids, bed rest and other pharmaceutical agents for the treatment of chronic low back pain in outcome studies, Accreditation Council on Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) in cooperation with Medscape, 2016

Establishing Roles and Responsibilities for Interprofessional Care Team Members, Defining roles in a collaborative environment based upon skills, knowledge and abilities of each provider while engaging patients in the process, Accreditation Council on Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) in cooperation with Medscape, New York, NY, 2016

Interprofessional Collaboration to Improve Health Care: An Introduction, Creating patient centered approaches to healthcare to improve outcomes in treatment models while concurrently reducing risk, Accreditation Council on Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) in cooperation with Medscape, New York, NY, 2016.

New Blood Biomarkers Useful for Concussion Diagnosis, The utilization of GFAP and UCH-l-1 in determining, traumatic brain injury, mild traumatic brain injury and mild-moderate traumatic brain injury as a triage tool to manage head trauma patients, Accreditation Council on Continuing Medical Education in Cooperation with Medscape, New York, NY, 2016

Primary Spine Care – Central Nervous System Processing of Pain and Physiology, Central neural pathways of pain and higher cortical responses to pain and the effect of high amplitude-low velocity forces on mechanoreceptors and proprioceptors. The effects of neuropeptides on the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal axis when treating patients. Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic, Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Melville NY, 2016

Primary Spine Care – MRI, Bone Edema and Degeneration, The effects of trauma on spinal vertebral segments and the short and long term sequella to morphology. Identifying and diagnosing bone edema, spurring, types of degeneration in assessing biomechanical stability in conjunction with Modic and Pfeiffer changes   Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic, Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Melville NY, 2016

Primary Spine Care – Hospital and Emergency Room Care, Identifying spinal lesions inclusive of cord and root lesion through examination and advanced imaging in creating an accurate diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan to effectively triage in collaboration and coordination with medical specialists and emergency department physicians. Differentially diagnosing and triaging disc degenerative bulges, traumatic disc bulges, protrusion herniations, extrusion herniations and fragmented herniations along with managing traumatically induced pain as sequella to degenerative disc trauma, Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic, Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Melville NY, 2016

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Triage and Connective Tissue Injuries and Wound Repair, Triaging the injured and differentially diagnosing both the primary and secondary complaints. Connective tissue injuries and wound repair morphology focusing on the aberrant tissue replacement and permanency prognosispotential. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2016

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Ligament Anatomy and Injury Research and Spinal Kinematics, Spinal ligamentous anatomy and research focusing on wound repair, future negative sequelae of abnormal tissue replacement and the resultant aberrant kinematics and spinal biomechanics of the spine. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2016

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Spinal Biomechanics, Central Nervous System and Spinal Disc Nomenclature, The application of spinal biomechanical engineering models in trauma and the negative sequelae it has on the central nervous system inclusive of the lateral horn, periaqueductal gray matter, thalamus and cortices involvement. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2016

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Biomechanics of Traumatic Disc Bulge and Age Dating Herniated Disc Pathology, The biomechanics of traumatic disc bulges as sequelae from trauma and the comorbidity of ligamentous pathology. Age-dating spinal disc pathology in accordance with Wolff’s Law. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2016

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Clinical Grand Rounds, The review of case histories of mechanical spine pathology and biomechanical failures inclusive of case histories, clinical findings and x-ray and advanced imaging studies. Assessing comorbidities in the triage and prognosis of the injured. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2016

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Research Perspectives, The review of current literature standards in spinal trauma pathology and documentation review of biomechanical failure, ligamentous failure and age-dating disc pathology. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2016

Hospital Based Spine Care Qualified, Credentialed in hospital protocols, emergency room protocols, acute and chronic patient triage inclusive of MRI spine interpretation, spinal biomechanical engineering, head trauma, concussion, mild traumatic and traumatic brain injuries, co-credentialed through the ACCME (Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education) Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical

Orthopedic Testing: Principles, Clinical Application and Triage, Integration of orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2015  

Orthopedic Testing: Cervical Spine, Integration of cervical orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2015  

Orthopedic Testing: Lumbar Spine, Integration of lumbar orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2015

MRI Spinal Anatomy, Protocols and Disc Pathology, Normal anatomy of axial and sagittal views utilizing T1, T2, gradient and STIR sequences of imaging. Degeneration and annular fissures of discs in both trauma and non-trauma patients and the biochemical properties of joints in age dating pathology. Disc bulges from degenerative and sequella to osseous issues, herniation pathology and protrusion, extrusion, migrated and sequestered variations. Clinical scenarios as sequella to disc and pre-existing pathologies. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2015

Documentation and Evidence in a Medical-Legal Practice, The role of scientific research conclusions with contemporary documentation to effectively support the necessity for clinically indicated care. The role of timely evaluations and re-evaluations in coordinating care inclusive of history, physical and evaluation report and concludes with the correlation of the SOAP note and HCFA that correlates the conclusion of the evolutionary findings. Coordinating research and clinical findings with primary care providers and medical specialists in the rehabilitation process inclusive of insurance requirements and contemporary MRI research nomenclature. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Boca Raton, FL, 2015

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Cartesian System, The Cartesian Coordinate System from the history to the application in the human body. Explanation of the x, y and z axes in both translation and rotations (thetas) and how they are applicable to human biomechanics. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2014

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Cervical Pathobiomechanics, Spinal biomechanical engineering of the cervical and upper thoracic spine. This includes the normal and pathobiomechanical movement of both the anterior and posterior motor units and normal function and relationship of the intrinsic musculature to those motor units. Nomenclature in reporting normal and pathobiomechanical findings of the spine. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2014

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Lumbar Pathobiomechanics, Pinal biomechanical engineering of the lumbar spine. This includes the normal and pathobiomechanical movement of both the anterior and posterior motor units and normal function and relationship of the intrinsic musculature to those motor units. Nomenclature in reporting normal and pathobiomechanical findings of the spine. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2014

Spinal Biomechanics in Trauma, to utilize whiplash associated disorders in various vectors of impact and whiplash mechanisms in determining pathobiomechanics. To clinically correlate annular tears, disc herniations, fractures, ligament pathology and spinal segmental instability as sequella to pathobiomechanics from trauma. The utilization of digital motion x-ray in diagnosing normal versus abnormal facet motion along with case studies to understand the clinical application. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2014

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering & Organizational Analysis, Integrating spinal biomechanics and pathobiomechanics through digitized analysis. The comparison of organized versus disorganized compensation with regional and global compensation. Correlation of the vestibular, ocular and proprioceptive neurological integration in the righting reflex as evidenced in imaging. Digital and numerical algorithm in analyzing a spine. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2014

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Cervical Digital Analysis, Digitizing and analyzing the cervical spine in neutral, flexion and extension views to diagnose pathobiomechanics. This includes alteration of motion segment integrity (AMOSI) in both angular and translational movement. Ligament instability/failure/pathology are identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies to analyze pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2014

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Lumbar Digital Analysis, Digitalizing and analyzing the lumbar spine images to diagnose pathobiomechanics. This includes anterior and posterior vertebral body elements in rotational analysis with neutral, left and right lateral bending in conjunction with gate analysis. Ligament instability/failure/pathology is identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies for analysis of pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm along with corrective guidelines. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2014

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Full Spine Digital Analysis, Digitalizing and analyzing the full spine images to diagnose pathobiomechanics as sequella to trauma in relation to ligamentous failure and disc and vertebral pathology as sequella. This includes anterior and posterior vertebral body elements in rotational analysis with neutral, left and right lateral bending in conjunction with gate analysis. Ligament instability/failure/pathology is identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies for analysis of pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm along with corrective guidelines. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2014

Certification in Spinal Biomechanical Engineering, ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2014

Medical-Legal-Insurance Documentation, Accurate and compliant documentation of history and clinical findings inclusive of functional losses, loss of activities of daily living, duties under duress and permanent loss of enjoyment of life. Prognosing static vs. stable care, gaps in care both in the onset and in the middle of passive care with a focus on detailed diagnosing. The integration of chiropractic academia, the court system and the insurance reimburser’s requirements for complete documentation. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2014

IME & Peer Review Documentation and Rebuttals, Medical-Legal documentation requirements and the utilization evidenced based findings in rebutting third party reporting when clinically indicated. The utilization of state regulations and legislation to ensure compliance in third party reporting. Management of all diagnostic testing and treatment protocols inclusive of functional losses in documentation. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2014

Trauma Based Diagnostics, The utilization and integration of advanced diagnostic modalities of MRI, Bone Scan, EMG-NCV, CAT Scan and x-ray digitizing in diagnosing the trauma based patient. Clinically coordinating the trauma history, the patient's symptomatology and clinical examination findings with advanced diagnostic modality findings and co-managing the trauma case with medical specialists. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2014

Neuroradiology Mini-Fellowship, MRI Spine Interpretation, Robert Peyster MD, Neuroradiologist, Professor of Radiology and Neurology, Chief Division of Neuroradiology, Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Stony Brook, New York, 2014

Neurodiagnostics, Imaging Protocols and Pathology of the Trauma Patient, An in-depth understanding of the protocols in triaging and reporting the clinical findings of the trauma patient. Maintaining ethical relationships with the medical-legal community. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2013

Diagnostics, Risk Factors, Clinical Presentation and Triaging the Trauma Patient, An extensive understanding of the injured with clinically coordinating the history, physical findings and when to integrate neurodiagnostics. An understanding on how to utilize emergency room records in creating an accurate diagnosis and the significance of “risk factors” in spinal injury. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2013

Crash Dynamics and Its Relationship to Causality, An extensive understanding of the physics involved in the transference of energy from the bullet car to the target car. This includes G's of force, newtons, gravity, energy, skid marks, crumple zones, spring factors, event data recorder and the graphing of the movement of the vehicle before, during and after the crash. Determining the clinical correlation of forces and bodily injury. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2013

MRI, Bone Scan and X-Ray Protocols, Physiology and Indications for the Trauma Patient, MRI interpretation, physiology, history and clinical indications, bone scan interpretation, physiology and clinical indications, x-ray clinical indications for the trauma patient. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2013

Neurodiagnostic Testing Protocols, Physiology and Indications for the Trauma Patient, Electromyography (EMG), Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV), Somato Sensory Evoked Potential (SSEP), Visual Evoked Potential (VEP), Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Potential (BAER) and Visual-Electronystagmography (V-ENG) interpretation, protocols and clinical indications for the trauma patient. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2013

Documentation and Reporting for the Trauma Victim, Understanding the necessity for accurate documentation and diagnosis utilizing the ICD-9 and the CPT to accurately describe the injury through diagnosis. Understanding and utilizing state regulations on reimbursement issues pertaining to healthcare. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2013

Documenting Clinically Correlated Bodily Injury to Causality, Documenting Clinically Correlated Bodily Injury to Causality Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2013

Head Trauma, Brain Injury and Concussion, Brain and head physiology, brain mapping and pathology as a sequella to trauma. Traumatic brain injury, mild traumatic brain injury, axonal shearing, diffuse axonal injury and concussion are detailed in etiology and clinically. Clinical presentation advanced diagnostic imaging and electrodiagnostics are detailed in analysis to create a differential diagnosis. Balance disorders that often occur as a result of trauma are also explored from clinical presentation to advanced imaging and differential diagnosis. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, New York, 2013

MRI History and Physics, Magnetic fields, T1 and T2 relaxations, nuclear spins, phase encoding, spin echo, T1 and T2 contrast, magnetic properties of metals and the historical perspective of the creation of NMR and MRI. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Spinal Anatomy and Protocols, Normal anatomy of axial and sagittal views utilizing T1, T2, 3D gradient and STIR sequences of imaging. Standardized and desired protocols in views and sequencing of MRI examination to create an accurate diagnosis in MRI. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Disc Pathology and Spinal Stenosis, MRI interpretation of bulged, herniated, protruded, extruded, sequestered and fragmented disc pathologies in etiology and neurological sequella in relationship to the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Spinal Pathology, MRI interpretation of bone, intradural, extradural, cord and neural sleeve lesions. Tuberculosis, drop lesions, metastasis, ependymoma, schwannoma and numerous other spinal related tumors and lesions. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards,, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Methodology of Analysis, MRI interpretation sequencing of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine inclusive of T1, T2, STIR and 3D gradient studies to ensure the accurate diagnosis of the region visualized. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Clinical Application, The clinical application of the results of space occupying lesions. Disc and tumor pathologies and the clinical indications of manual and adjunctive therapies in the patient with spinal nerve root and spinal cord insult as sequella ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards,, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Protocols Clinical Necessity, MRI slices views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images. Clinical indication for the utilization of MRI and pathologies of disc in both trauma and non-trauma sequella, including bulge, herniation, protrusion, extrusion and sequestration. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Interpretation of Cervical Herniation, MRI slices views, T1, T2, STIR Axial, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of cervical herniation. With the co-morbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrate, Schmorl's nodes and herniation, morphology of cervical disc pathologies of central and lateral herniation, protrusions, extrusions, sequestration, focal and broad based herniation are defined and illustrated. Spinal cord and canal compromise interpretation with management. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Interpretation of Lumbar Herniation, MRI slices views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of lumbar herniation. With the co-morbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrate, Schmorl's nodes and herniation. Morphology of lumbar disc pathologies of central and lateral herniation, protrusions, extrusions, sequestration, focal and broad based herniation are defined and illustrated. Central canal and cauda equina compromise interpretation with management. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Interpretation of Cervical Degeneration/Bulges, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of cervical degeneration. With the co-morbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrate, Schmorl's nodes and herniation. Spinal cord and canal compromise interpretation with management. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Interpretation of Cervical Herniation, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR Axial, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of cervical herniation. With the comorbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrate, Schmorl's nodes and herniation. Morphology of cervical disc pathologies of central and lateral herniation, protrusions, extrusions, sequestration, and focal and broad based herniation are defined and illustrated. Spinal cord and canal compromise interpretation with management. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2013

MRI Interpretation of Degenerative Spine and Disc Disease with Overlapping Traumatic Insult to Both Spine and Disc, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR Axial, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of degenerative spondylolisthesis, spinal canal stenosis, Modic type 3 changes, central herniation, extrusions, compressions, nerve root compressions, advanced spurring and thecal sac involvement from an orthopedic, emergency room, chiropractic, neurological, neurosurgical, physical medicine perspective. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, New York, 2013

Certification in QEEG Testing and Analysis, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, Connecticut, 2012

Diplomate, Video- fluoroscopic Studies of Spine, Palmer College of Chiropractic, Davenport, Iowa, 1992

Certification in Electro-Diagnostic Studies, Life College, Marietta, Georgia, 1991

Bone Tumors: Benign and Malignant, Bone tumor characteristics. Benign bone tumors, metastatic carcinoma and sarcoma. Palmer College of Chiropractic, Davenport, Iowa, 1990

Pelvic - Sacroiliac - Hip Studies, Lumbar syndromes, spondylolisthesis, retrolisthesis, lumbar stenosis, genetic and congenital malformations. Palmer College of Chiropractic, Atlanta, Georgia, 1990

Cervical Studies, Whiplash syndromes, cervical spine fractures, Basilar impression, twelve signs of cervical spine trauma, and Klippel-Feil syndrome. Palmer College of Chiropractic, Atlanta, Georgia, 1990

Shoulder - Knee Paraspinal Soft Tissue Findings, Shoulder and knee disorders, dislocations, and fractures. Palmer College of Chiropractic, Atlanta, Georgia, 1990

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

Capoferri, Donald (2018) “Case Report: Establishing the Efficacy for Trauma Trained Chiropractors as Primary Spine Care Physicians”. Retrieved from: http://www.uschirodirectory.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=825:case-report-establishing-the-efficacy-for-trauma-trained-chiropractors-as-primary-spine-care-physicians&Itemid=376     

Sa, R., Owens, W., Wiegand, R., Studin, M., Capoferri, D., Barooha, K., ... & Chaudhary, V. (2017, July). Intervertebral disc detection in X-ray images using faster R-CNN. In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (pp. 564-567). IEEE.

Simokovich V., Capoferri D., Studin M. (2017) CASE REPORT: The Standard of Care for Assessment of Traumatic Cervical Spine Injuries and Utilization of Advanced Imaging in a Chiropractic Office, Retrieved from: http://www.uschirodirectory.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=803:case-report-the-standard-of-care-for-assessment-of-traumatic-cervical-spine-injury-and-utilization-of-advanced-imaging-in-a-chiropractic-office&Itemid=376

Capoferri, D., Owens, W. J., & Studin, M. (2015). Back pain: Chiropractic vs. medical doctors, Who gets better results and who is and who is more cost effective? Academy of Chiropractic, Retrieved from http://www.uschirodirectory.com/research/item/733-back-pain-chiropractic-vs-medical-doctors-who-get-better-results-and-who-is-more-cost-effective.html

Capoferri, D. (2015). Case Report; The efficacy of chiropractic adjustments in the care of migraine headache with patients presenting with cervical disc bulge. Academy of Chiropractic, Retrieved from http://lawyerspiprogram.com/index.php/component/content/article/76-uncategorised/1259-mri-case-report-capoferri.html

SELECTED TEACHING

Clinical Instructor, Clinical Grand Rounds – T11 Spinal Fracture – a case review of traumatically induced T11 vertebral body fracture post motor vehicle collision. A detailed review of patient history, neurologic examination, plain film radiographs and advanced imaging studies were discussed. Comparison of Modic 1 and Modic 2 changes on T1 and T2 weighted MRI were reviewed, discussed and comparted to plain film images and CT scan images. Interprofessional communication both verbally and through proper evidence-based documentation was emphasized and discussed. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2019

Clinical Instructor, Clinical Evaluation and Protocols for Identifying Stroke Risk, The neurological history and examination for identifying stroke risks with a focus on supra and infratentorial regions, upper and lower motor lesions, cranial nerve signs, spinal cord pathology, motor and sensory pathology and gait abnormalities. Examining genetic and family histories along with dissection risk factors. Stroke orthopedic testing and clinical guidelines pertaining to triage for the primary care provider. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2017

Instructor, Advanced Imaging and Biomechanical Assessment of the Human Spine in a Trauma Patient: Case Study, Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville, NY, 2017

SELECTED MEMBERSHIPS

American Academy of Spine Physicians, Member, 2018

Academy of Chiropractic, Trauma Team, Member, 2017

American Chiropractic Association, Member, 2013 - Present

Association of Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, Member, 2013 - Present

Academy of Chiropractic, Member, 2013 - Present

American Academy of Medical Legal Professionals, 2013 - Present

Georgia Chiropractic Association, Member, 2008 – Present

American Association of Sensory Electrodiagnostic Medicine, 2018 - Present